The Five Leading Causes Of Death

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This essay will focus on the five leading causes of death for infants and children under five years of age in low and middle-income countries and cost-effective ways of treating two of these leading causes of death. Therefore, this essay is divided into two subsections that list and describe what the leading cases are and the cost effective ways of treating two of these leading cause of death.
a. What are the five leading causes of death for infants and children under 5 years of age in low and middle-income countries?
The five leading causes of death for infants under five years of age in low and middle-income countries are sepsis/pneumonia, tetanus, diarrhea, pre-term complications, and birth asphyxia (“Newborn”, 2011). The following will define and describe the symptoms of each.
First, sepsis is a condition in which the body experiences sever reaction in response to bacteria or other germs. The main symptom of sepsis is a stark drop in blood pressure that results in septic shock. This affects major organs of the body by restricting blood flow to them (Vyas, 2012). Pneumonia is a lung infection that causes the lungs to fill up with fluid, making it hard to breathe. Symptoms of pneumonia include coughing, chest pain, fatigue, etc (“Lung”, 2014).
Second, tetanus is bacterial infection that infects an open wound or cut. In newborns, tetanus affects infants due to unsanitary care of the baby’s umbilical cord or the umbilical stump (“State”, 2009, p.49). Diarrhea is watery bowl movement caused viruses, bacteria, or parasites. Poor sanitation and contaminated food and water are the main factors that lead to diarrhea (Nemours, 2014).
Next, pre-term complications are complications that arise with a baby being born too early. Usually...

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...t can be treated with cost-effective method is diarrhea. Many methods have already been implemented to treating diarrhea but the problem is that there are not being followed effectively. Some of these methods include teaching people to correctly wash their hands and using the corrective method to correctly consume clean water. Other methods include building a bathroom at a considerable distance from a water supply. Finally the last method includes teaching people, if they get diarrhea, how to effectively treat it. This includes oral rehydration therapy (“Oral”, 2013).
In conclusion, the five leading causes of death among infants in low and middle income countries are those that can be prevented easily with better sanitary practices, knowledge about those disease and simple preventive vaccines. These methods can help curb deaths and help future generations prevail.

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