The First Moroccan Crisis ( 1905 )

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Furthermore, the first Moroccan crisis (1905) was a colonial rivalry that arose from competing imperial ambitions which served to further diplomatically isolate an increasingly militaristic Germany whilst solidifying the Anglo-French Entente Cordiale as an armed coalition against Germany. Consequently, the first Moroccan crisis demonstrates how the competing imperial ambitions of the Great Powers had created an international system where war was inevitable. In 1905, the Kaiser declared his support for the Moroccan Sultan’s sovereignty; a very clear challenge to French influence in Morocco. As a result, the Great Powers convened for the Algeciras Conference, which ultimately resulted in Britain declaring support for France’s influence in Morocco, which strengthened the Entente Cordiale and diplomatically isolated Germany. For instance, Douglas Porch argues that the first Moroccan crisis represented a “deterioration in already worsening Franco-German relations,” which ultimately “strengthened France’s nationalist willpower”. Ultimately, Porch’s argument suggests that the first Moroccan crisis both worsened relations between France and Germany whilst further inflaming France’s nationalist elements, who advocated a vengeful war against Germany. Porch’s assertion, coupled with the fact that the first Morocco crisis strengthened the Entente Cordiale shows how the imperial competition had escalated hostilities amongst the Great Powers, thus making war inevitable. The Bosnian Crisis (1908-9) also demonstrated how the Great Powers, in their quest to gain geopolitical might, had drawn themselves towards war. Whilst colonial rivalries raged on in Africa, there were also significant geopolitical disputes within Europe that deserve mention t... ... middle of paper ... ...ll, the competition between Germany and France broke the precarious balance of power within Continental Europe, thus leading to the destabilisation of the international system. Moreover, the competition between Austria-Hungary and Russia over the Balkans had created a powder keg of tensions, where war was a constant and realistic threat. Additionally, Germany’s attempts at establishing international hegemony served to draw Britain out of isolation, which only soured relations and increased tensions. Furthermore, the alliances failed to re-establish a geopolitical power balance amongst the Great Powers, instead splitting the continent into two armed hostile coalitions poised for war. These factors, coupled with the numerous geopolitical and colonial disputes amongst the Great Powers had created an international time bomb, where the outbreak of total war was inevitable.
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