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The Fight to Vote

explanatory Essay
1314 words
1314 words
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Many women and African American men had long dreamed to have the right to vote. In many states, they could only vote if their state allowed them the privilege. The dedicated men and women fought for their right to vote in the Civil Rights Movement in the early and mid 1900s. Congress passed the Fifteenth Amendment and the Voting Rights Act to give African Americans the rights to vote. It would have not occurred if the Civil Rights Movement had not taken place. The Nineteenth Amendment would not have occurred either if not for the Civil Rights Movement. The freedom to vote is now held by a majority because of the fight by the people involved in the Civil Rights Movement, and the African Americans and women who fought for their right to vote. The Civil Rights Movement, an intensely rough time for many, led to the freedom of voting rights. The History Reference Center states that throughout a majority of America’s history, property owners and tax paying white men withheld the right to vote only. Men, of other ethnicities, and women could only vote if their state law allowed them. (Wermiel n. p.) According to the book, Selma and The Voting Rights Act, even though President Abraham Lincoln declared the slaves free in 1863 with his Emancipation Proclamation, the whites held the blacks under them with barely any rights still in the 1960s. (Aretha, 11) The UXL Encyclopedia of U.S. History records that when Congress passed the Civil Rights Act of 1866 to try to protect the rights of black citizens after Civil War, the south started the Black Codes. States passed the Black Codes, laws created by white southerners, to limit the rights and freedoms of blacks. (Benson, Brannen, and Valentine, 297) The Ku Klux Klan, a secret group of white sout... ... middle of paper ... .... If the Civil Rights Movement, the fight for African Americans right to vote, or the Women’s Suffrage Movement had not occurred, many of us would not hold the right to vote today. Works Cited Aretha, David. Selma And The Voting Rights Act. Greensboro, North Carolina: Morgan Reynolds Publishing, 2008. Print. Benson, Sonia, Daniel E. Brannen Jr., and Rebecca Valentine. UXL Encyclopedia of U.S. History. Ed. Lawrence W. Baker and Sarah Hermsen. Vol. 2 and Vol. 8. Detroit: Gale, Cengage, 2009. Print. Carter, David C. “Voting Rights Act of 1965.” World Book Advanced. World Book. 2014. Web. 31 Jan. 2014. Kauffman, Heather. “Women’s Suffrage.” Issues and Controversies in American History. Infobase, 1 Oct. 2005. Web. 31 Jan. 2014. Wermiel, Stephen J. “Heroes of the Struggle for Voting Rights.” Human Rights. 39.1 (2012): 29. History Reference Center. Web. 6 Feb. 2014.

In this essay, the author

  • Explains that many women and african american men dreamed of having the right to vote, but in many states, they could only vote if their state allowed them the privilege.
  • States that the civil rights movement led to the freedom of voting rights. the southern christian leadership conference, founded by martin luther king, jr., encouraged christian morals, liberty, and nonviolent resistance.
  • States that the thirteenth amendment, added to the constitution in 1870, gave voting rights to all male citizens of any ethnicity. punishments for blacks for voting consisted of beating and killing them.
  • Explains that congress passed the voting rights act of 1965 to help enforce the fifteenth amendment.
  • States that the civil rights movement and the women’s suffrage movement led to the passage of the nineteenth amendment to give women the right to vote.
  • Explains that the civil rights movement helped to pass amendments so that women and african american men could vote. the fifteenth amendment, which gave african americans the freedom to vote, would never have passed if not for the civil rights movement or the women’s suffrage movement.
  • Explains that aretha, david, daniel e. brannen jr., and rebecca valentine. uxl encyclopedia of u.s. history.
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