The Fenian Movement

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The Fenian Movement

One has seen numerous times throughout history the dissatisfaction of the people with their government towards their laws, economy, and politics. These people want to make a change in their society, consequently leading them to take action against their government. These actions not necessarily involve the use of force, but the leaders of the Fenian Movement that started in 1848 believed that they needed to apply force to unite themselves to take action against the British government regarding the struggle of the Irish people, separate from them, and become a republic. These groups of leaders were known as the Young Ireland. The leaders of the Young Ireland Uprising in 1848 were led by John O’Mahony and James Stephens. Both of these men were seen to the British authorities as criminals and they had to escape from punishment and fled to Paris. In 1853, John O’Mahony came to America were he tried to gain the support of the people who had left Ireland during the Great Famine for another uprising. However, James Stephens returned to Ireland in 1856, moving from place to place to see the reactions of the people of the situations that were occurring at the moment. As a result, in Dublin in March of 1858, he formed a secret society that became known as the Irish Republican Brotherhood. But at the same time, John O’Mahony became the leader of a similar group in America called the Fenian Brotherhood. The name of this group comes from the warriors who followed the legendary Irish hero, Finn Mc Cumhail (Fin Mc Cool). The main goal of both of these groups was to achieve Irish independence from British rule by force, meaning, they wanted Ireland as a republic. The Fenian Movement quickly attracted thousands of young supporters, both from Ireland and America. This movement particularly attracted artisans and shop assistants, rather than to the agrarian population. The Fenian Movement was not a success, but their leaders restored the morale in the people at a time when the situation in their country was deplorable. However, the most important characteristic that this movement generated among Irish people was the sense of nationalism that united them all in one.

There were several reasons related to the struggle of the Irish people that led the Fenian Movement leaders take action against the British government.
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