These seasons were taken lightly, and just thought to be bad crop seasons. After these bad seasons, farmers became upset and began to grow poorer quality potatoes known as ‘Lumper potatoes’ or ‘Horse potatoes’ instead of the stronger healthier potatoes. ... ... middle of paper ... ...money to their family so that they could escape Ireland and start a new life in America. Those whose lives became bad and worsened by the immigration were too ashamed to talk to their family and discontinued contact with family back in Ireland. In conclusion the potato famine effected not only those who lived in Ireland, but those in America too.
One of these problems was the food shortages on Irish farmlands. The movement was due in a large part to the Great Potato Famine. During the 1840s, this event changed the face of Ireland forever. ”The Kingdom of Ireland was growing very weak in the eighteenth century due to poor harvests” (Ruddy 15). Irish people were facing great starvation.
The Irish people were very poor during this time. No one could afford their own land, so they had to rent land from the British landlords. The Irish planted potatoes because they were easy to grow and very nutritious (Gavin1). The British owned the land while the poor Irish farmed it. The British shipped all the Irish crops except potatoes back to England to make a profit.
The boom was leading people away from basic farming food and to other chains available to them. Another important reason was the lack of demand from the European market. During the war, tons of grain had been shipped by America to Europe, which made Europe, America's biggest customer of grain. But, because of the devastation in the war, many European countries had been vastly bankrupt and very few countries could afford to buy farming goods anymore. To add to this, the republicans made it worse by the high tarrifs put up to protect America industries.
With the great population drop the economy was affected in ways Ireland had never seen before. The Irish people lived off the potato and the economy was based off of the potato. When the famine hit there was essentially no economy left in Ireland. The potato is what sustained the people of Ireland because the agriculture of the potato provided jobs, and income for the people and the country. With little money, families began to migrate because they could no longer provide in the failing Ireland economy.
Many people also blamed the British for letting the famine get so bad. These effects will be discussed throughout the paper. Starvation was one of the main effects of the Great Potato Famine, which was “unlike other subsistence crises” (Crawford, 114). The Irish people were very dependant on potatoes as a source of food. “The majority of the Irish peasants did not have access to the type of land or amount of land required for wheat (grain) production, and thus the potato became the crucial staple crop” (Braa 200).
The Whig Government led Lord John Russell from 1846 to 1852 severely worsened the effects of The Irish Potato Famine; causing nearly one-eighth of the population to die of starvation. The Irish Potato Famine was much more destructive of human life than the majority of famines in history. In Ireland many was poor, and needed potato crops to keep from starving. Many also needed to harvest the potato crops to make money to pay their landlord rent for the plots that the tenants rented to keep from losing their land. The effects of the Irish Potato Famine were a tremendous impact on the economy of Ireland.
Irish Immigration to Canada The Irish began immigrating to North America in the 1820s, when the lack of jobs and poverty forced them to seek better opportunities elsewhere after the end of the major European wars. When the Europeans could finally stop depending on the Irish for food during war, the investment in Irish agricultural products reduced and the boom was over. After an economic boom, there comes a bust and unemployment was the result. Two-thirds of the people of Ireland depended on potato harvests as a main source of income and, more importantly, food. Then between the years of 1845 and 1847, a terrible disease struck the potato crops.
When the prices of grain and other crops fell, so did rents, but not enough to help the very poor (33). The poorest members of the community, about one third of the population, could only afford very small land plots, not large enough to grow grain, so they had to give up growing grain, and start growing potatoes. Potatoes were the only crop that ould support a large family on a very small acreage. This dependancy on one crop, for prosperity as well as survival, would have fearful implications for the poor people of Ireland at the time of the famine (33). One morning in early September 1845, the director of Botanic Gardens in Dublin noticed the leaves of some potato plants turning black at the edges.
Death and famine was affecting the people of Ireland. Many of the people were suffering from the flu, small pox, and starvation. Farmers were suffering because of the famine and the deaths. The estates and farms of Ireland were being cleared out rapidly (Walker). Emigration was increasing at an excessive rate, yet the British government did the minimum work to ease the t... ... middle of paper ... ... weren’t allowed to receive sacraments (Rafferty 269).