The Feminist Model to Solving Ethical Dilemmas

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One ethical issue related to Human Service practice is upholding the clients self-determination when they are suffering from a mental illness (client self-determination vs. mental health). Ethics are a branch of moral philosophy that deals with right (ethical) and wrong (unethical)(Dolgoff and Loewenberg, 1992). However they can also provide dilemmas such as the one being discussed in this essay. Ethical dilemmas are situations whereby there is a choice between equally undesirable alternatives that in turn involve moral values that appear to have equal validity (Banks, 2006). When dealing with such dilemmas it is important to refer to one of the ethical decision-making framework. These frameworks provide step-by-step guidance to help assist practitioners through complex decisions. There are four key models to refer to; The feminist and reflective model, The inclusive model, The ethical principles screen and the E.T.H.I.C model. However the one most suited for the current ethical dilemma is the Feminist model. In order to choose the most appropriate model when faced with an ethical dilemma it is important to have a good understanding of the frameworks. Ethical decision-making models are designed around different ethical theories. These approaches consisting of the deontological approach, consequentialist (utilitarian) approach and the virtue approach. The virtue approach implies that an action is right if it is what a virtuous agent would do in the circumstances. (Brown, 2001). However the most common approach being used in practice is a combination of deontological and consequentialist. Deontologists justify there decisions by claiming to choose the option which is morally correct. The consequentialists justify there decision... ... middle of paper ... ...hoosing the framework most suited to the situation. Which is why the Feminist model was most adequate for the ethical dilemma, client self-determination vs. mental health in comparison to the other models. References: Banks, S. (2006). Ethics and values in social work (3rd ed.). Houndmills, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan. Brown, C. (2001, April 16). Ethical Theories Compared. Retrieved May 13, 2014, from Loewenberg, F. M., & Dolgoff, R. (1996). Ethical decisions for social work practice (4th ed.). Itasca, Ill: F.E. Peacock Publishers. McAuliffe, D., & Chenoweth, L. (2008). Leave No Stone Unturned: The Inclusive Model of Ethical Decision Making. Ethics and Social Welfare, 2(1), 38-49. Reamer, F. G. (1990). Ethical dilemmas in social service (2nd ed.). New York: Columbia University Press.

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