All were won by Rome, which consequently arose as the supreme military power in the Mediterranean Sea. The hostility of Carthage provoked Rome to build a big army and to create a powerful naval fleet. The most important generals for Carthage were Hamilcar Barca and his sons Hasdrubal and Hannibal. Rome's generals were Scipio Africanus and his grandson who was adopted, Scipio Aemilianus. First Punic War (264-241 B.C.)
While there is much evidence for these theories (Prienne and Heather) and against them (Havighurse), they essentially only argue the definition of “fall”. The fact remains that the Roman Empire declined dramatically, split into two pieces, and that its capitol city was sacked on numerous occasions. Therefore, the rest of this essay will not deal with the largely semantic question of whether or not Rome fell, but why it fell. One of the main reasons for Rome’s fall was the collapse of its social order. The chief and best known argument for this is that Rome’s citizens lost their sense of civic responsibility, and became socially decadent, and that the economic interests of the Romans compromised their social stability.
Carthage Goes to War with Rome From the middle of the 3rd century to the middle of the 2nd century BC, Carthage was engaged in a series of wars with Rome. These wars, known as the Punic Wars, ended in the complete defeat of Carthage by Rome. The most prominent figure of the Punic war s was General Hannibal of Pheonician Carhtage. During these wars, it is likely that the colonizing expeditions of the Carthaginians were supported by many emigrants from the Phoenician homeland. Hannibal (b.
This work explores the gradual decline and eventual fall of the Roman Empire. Critical Assumptions For the completion of this work, it is important to clarify on the assumptions made. The first assumption is that the Roman Empire did actually fall and thus negating the initial supposition that the empire exists. The second assumption is that the empire fell in 476 A.D. following the overthrowing of Emperors Augustulus Romulus by General Odovacar who was Germanic. Reasons/ Theories for the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire Authors have come up with a number of theories and reasons that led to the gradual decline and eventual fall of a once mighty empire.
During this growing power, Rome began fighting other civilizations to expand its territory. Amongst these populations was Rome’s long time friend Carthage. Rome soon became greedy and made war on Carthage in the Second Punic War (Defusco). The Punic Wars lead Rome to gain territories along the Mediterranean basin. At the end of the Third Punic War, Rome defeated Carthage and became the major Mediterranean military power (Windows on Italy- History).
Web. 25 May 2014. Morey, William C. "Outlines of Roman History, Chapter 23." Outlines of Roman History, Chapter 23. Web.
Web. 25 June 2015. http://www.jstor.org/stable/23040343?seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents Guittard, Charles. "The Romans: Life in the Empire." Millbrook Press, 1996. Roberts, J. and Westad, O.
The Siege of Lilybaeum was a battle in Sicily in which Rome attacked Lilybaeum. The siege failed though. “The last period saw the long and unsuccessful si... ... middle of paper ... ...he main thing Rome wanted in the first war was lands in Sicily, but they realized that Carthage was a force that they needed to defeat in order to stay one of the most powerful empires at the time. The two empires had no large problems before the dispute between Messina and Syracuse. After the wars Rome led a large campaign through Gaul and many lands expanding east.