The Facts About Stem Cell Research

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There has been a debate about stem cell research since 1998 when the research teams of James A. Thomson of the University of Wisconsin and John D. Gearhart of Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine announced the isolation of human stem cells (Farrell). But before anyone should take a side, one must know what a stem cell is. A stem cell is an unspecialized cell characterized by the ability to self-renew by mitosis while in undifferentiated state, and the capacity to give rise to various differentiated cell types by cell differentiation (Stem Cell). There are three types of stem cells in the human body: embryonic, hematoietic, and adult (Lee). Hematoietic stem cells come from the blood of the umbilical cord (Lee). Adult stem cells are taken from various parts of the body, like bone marrow or tissue. Embryonic stem cells come from a blastocyst, which is a an eight-celled human embryo (Farrell). The blastocyst must be disassembled to obtain the stem cells (Farrell). Researches prefer to work with embryonic stem cells because they are undifferentiated cells, which means they can transform into any cell type in the human body. But there is controversy with embryonic stem cells because the blastocyst has the potential to become a fetus. Those who are opposed to embryonic stem cell research reject it based on a moral issue. Some object to stem cell research on the basis that it involves the elimination of the most basic form of human life (Issitt). Former President George W. Bush strongly believed in the right to life and his polices during his terms displayed this. In 2005 and 2007, President Bush vetoed two bills for the federal funding embryonic stem cell research (Issitt). In addition to the moral issue, many cite the pitfalls... ... middle of paper ... ... Issitt, MicahDonnelly, Matt. "Counterpoint: Stem Cell Research Is Dangerous, Unethical, And Ineffective." Points Of View: Stem Cell Research (2013): 3. Points of View Reference Center. Web. 14 Nov. 2013. Lee, M.Griswold, Ann. "Point: Stem Cell Research Provides Cures For Diseases." Points Of View: Stem Cell Research (2013): 2. Points of View Reference Center. Web. 14 Nov. 2013. Pearson, John. "Point: The Potential Of Stem Cell Research." Points Of View: Stem Cell Research (2013): 5. Points of View Reference Center. Web. 14 Nov. 2013. “Stem Cell”. Biology Online. Biology-Online.org, June 2008. Web. 14 Nov. 2013. http://www.biology- online.org/dictionary/Stem_cells “The Medical Procedure of Egg Donation”. Egg Donor Information Project. Stanford University, 5 June 2002. Web. 14 Nov. 2013. http://www.stanford.edu/class/siw198q/websites/eggdonor/procedures.html

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