The Factors of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

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The Factors of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Post traumatic stress disorder occurs after a person is exposed to a terrifying ordeal which causes either grave physical or psychological harm where harm was threatened. It can become an extremely debilitating disorder to the persons life. The person can have problems interacting in social and family life, occupational instability and the breakdown of marriages can occur. The disorder is triggered after traumatic events such as violent personal assaults such as mugging or rape, or to family, natural disasters such as earthquakes, accidents such as car crashes, human disasters such as 9/11 and after military combat such as the soldiers who fought in WWII. The symptoms of post traumatic stress disorder may occur immediately following a traumatic experience, weeks or months later or even years later. The main symptoms include the re-experience of the trauma, via flashbacks, memories, nightmares and especially when exposed to events or objects reminiscent of the trauma. A general lack of responsiveness or ‘emotional numbness’ also occurs, often followed with symptoms such as tiredness, headaches, and chest pains. These symptoms are often treated separately are not recognised as being linked to PTSD. The disorder is diagnosed if these symptoms persist for longer than a month and produce clinically significant distress. There are also often other disorders which accompany PTSD such as depression and drug and alcohol abuse. The disorder develops in about 25% of people who experience a traumatic event. It occurs in both men and women though it is more likely to occur in women. B... ... middle of paper ... ...ral therapy works with cognitions to change emotions, thoughts and behaviours produced by PTSD patients. A successful treatment is exposure therapy which uses careful repeated detailed imagery of the trauma in a safe context to help the person face and gain control of their fear and distress. ‘Flooding’ involves exposure all at once, another method, desensitization is a gradual build up to the worst situation imaginable to the patient. Group therapy is another effective treatment and involves a number of trauma patients sharing openly sharing their traumatic experiences. This helps as the patients can talk about there experience within safety, cohesion and empathy of others in similar circumstances. Psychodynamic therapy focuses on the emotional conflicts that occur during childhood that lead to PTSD in later life.

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