The Explorations of Structure

1319 Words6 Pages
Since the inception of the motion picture, business has served as the primary influence on the entertainment industry. Although film allows for freedom and experimentation within storytelling techniques, the classical Hollywood cinema style emerged as the front runner of cinema; it told a story, it made money, and it entertained. However, this became stagnant and formulaic, artists not only wanted to entertain, but to provoke and inspire viewers. This mindset is what inspired cinematic innovation within the post-war period— art movements such as the French New Wave and Italian neo-realism emerged. Filmmakers like Jean-Luc Godard rejected the traditional conventions of cinematography, editing and structure and chose to create their own. Rooted in the Italian Neo-Realism movement in the fifties, Italian filmmaker Federico Fellini rejected the idea of realist films and sought to explore the unknown and fantastical. In 1963, Fellini created 8½, a film about a filmmaker plagued by the decisions of his own creativity. Utilizing contrasted mise-en-scene and the juxtaposition of reality and fantastical sequences, 8½ effectively captures the spirit of artists as they pursue new projects but are pressured by their creative expectations. As the film’s non-linear structure evolves, Federico Fellini illustrates every part of main character Guido Anselmi’s personal life, whether it is the love that inspires him or the pleasures that haunt him; visualizing all sources of creativity necessary to create. 8½ was a very personal project for Fellini. This film wasn’t created to advocate for social or political change, but instead to depict Fellini’s own struggles with filmmaking. In the film, Guido Anselmi is a film director struggling from directo... ... middle of paper ... ...han forced, the unpredictable stream of consciousness feels natural and leaves room for viewers to draw parallels or develop their own questions. Just as Guido is asked by his crew in one scene, viewers ask themselves “What is the intention?” “What is it about?” Fellini truly demonstrates that those are the same questions that haunt artists themselves. Works Cited Chandler, Charlotte. I, Fellini. New York: Random House, 1995. Print. Fava, Claudio G., and Aldo Viganò. The films of Federico Fellini. Secaucus, N.J.: Citadel Press, 1985. Print. Miller, D.A.. 8 1/2 (BFI Film Classics). : British Film Institute, 2008. Print. Perry, Ted. Filmguide to 8 1/2. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1975. Print. Pierson, Frank. "Fellini's Magical '8 1/2'." American Film 06 1989: 16. Web. Secchiaroli, Tazio, and Diego Mormorio. Fellini 8 1/2. Kempen: te Neues, 1999. Print.
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