The Ethics of Artificial Intelligence

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It is a phrase that inspires awe of the accomplishments of the human race. It is a phrase that inspires fear for the mankind. Artificial intelligence has the potential for great, wondrous things, as well as those that are horrid and terrible. Writers have often played on this fear of other forms of intelligence – this fear of the unknown – and nothing can be worse than being outsmarted and surpassed by one’s own creation. Artificial intelligence, or AI, has the potential to be extremely beneficial to humanity, but there are costs and problems that could arise as a result of it. Technical Description: In truth, AI does not necessarily refer to laser wielding robots hell bent on human eradication. “Artificial” is defined as “made by humans; produced rather than natural” and “intelligence” as “the capacity to acquire and apply knowledge” .1 AI itself is referred to as “…the scientific understanding of the mechanisms underlying thought and intelligent behavior and their embodiment in machines.”2 It is the science and engineering of making machines that are equally or even more capable of achieving goals in the world as are humans. There are many different branches and types of AI, each with its own applications and approaches to problems. Branches/Topics:3 Logical AI: all facts about the situation and the goals are represented in mathematical logical language and the program decides by understanding that certain actions lead to certain results and eventually the goal Search: the program examines a large number of possible actions, understands how to do this more efficiently Pattern Recognition: program makes observations, then compares to patterns Representation: facts about the world are represented in mathematical log... ... middle of paper ... ...ld, Eyal. “CYC” 7. Reingold, Eyal. “Expert Systems”, “Artificial Neural Networks”, “Game Playing”, “Robotics and Computer vision”, “Artificial Life” 8. Reynolds, Craig. “Boids”. http://www.red3d.com/cwr/boids/index.html 9. “Speech Recognition”. http://www.hearinglossweb.com/Technology/SpeechRecognition/speech_recognition.htm 10.“Natural Language Processing” http://research.microsoft.com/nlp/ 11. The Tech: “machines and man: ethics and robotics in the 21st century” http://www.thetech.org/robotics/ethics/index.html 12. The Tech: “Question #1” 13. The Tech: “Question #2” 14. The Tech: “Question #4”; Lewis: “What of the human work force?” 15. The Tech: “Question #3”; Lewis: “Military Funding” 16. Reingold, Eyal. “AI and Consciousness” 17. “Interesting AI Demos and Projects” http://www.cs.wisc.edu/~dyer/cs540/demos.html
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