The report concluded that the high rate of health problems in cloned animals indicates that such an effort in humans would be highly dangerous for the mother and developing embryo and is likely to fail” (encarta.msn.com). Reproductive and therapeutic cloning has possible side effects or danger that could affect the human race. Reproductive cloning is a technology used to generate an animal that has the same nuclear DNA as another currently or previously existing animal and therapeutic cloning involves transplanting the nucleus of an adult body cell into an unfertilized egg. An electric shock stimulates the egg to begin dividing. This reproductive cloning technology can be used to help people who cannot give birth to children or those who are not married.
Embryonic stem cells work to help cure diseases because of the fact that they can turn into any cell type the body needs. Scientists can manipulate embryonic stem cells into the cells that their patients need. The major questions regarding stem cell research are is it morally permissible to destroy an embryo in search of cures of diseases? Those who are against embryonic stem cell research would argue that stem cell research destroys a potential human life. On the other hand, those who are for stem cell research would argue that genetic tests and stem cell research can help detect and find cures for diseases that as of right now have no cures.
These special type of cells can be a big impact on the human race and maybe even other races too, but to do that, we need to first research on them to acquire the knowledge we need to make a difference in this world. Embryonic stem cells are cells that come from embryos (eggs that have been fertilized in vitro) and these miraculous cells can become anything they want with the right DNA. The embryos are made in a specialized lab that are then donated for research, but they don’t come from a mother. Embryonic stem cells can do a lot of thing with lots of research including: can stop rejection of organs, can transfer into many stem cell lines, and can cure many diseases. Think of all the things one tiny discovery can do.
To make things even more difficult on scientists, fixing the DNA in a few cells will not be beneficial for the patient. The scientists need to fix the DNA in a numerous amount of cells in order for the gene therapy to be beneficial. Also the fixed genes must not only be expressed by the cells but they must also become integrated into the chromosomes. If the new genes do not include a promoter, “on switch”, then they will have no effect on the cell. In contrast, if the promoter is not functioning correctly, it could cause cell division too often thus causing the same effects as cancer.
This was the first time live animals had been produced from cultured cells (Genetics & Public Policy). The term recombinant DNA cloning refers to t... ... middle of paper ... ...isks to human health, reproductive cloning would deprive the cloned individual of the ?right to an open future,? reproductive cloning would disturb the delicate balance of marriage and alter parent-child relationships, reproductive cloning would lead to discrimination against cloned individuals, reproductive cloning would decrease human diversity (Genetics & Public Policy). Although the issues have yet to be resolved on the morality of human cloning and probably will not be resolved for some time, the question still lurks in everyone?s minds ?is it moral to create human life in a test tube?? Should we allow science to progress in order to save lives and possibly create a better future for our children, or is it our moral duty to ourselves and our children to end the progressing technology?
Also in 1998, two independent teams of US scientists successfully isolated and cultured stem cells obtained from embryos (On human embryos and medical research, 01). Scientists refer to embryonic stem cells as pluripotent meaning that each has a capacity to develop into any kind of cell in a human body (Stem cells the seeds of hope, 03). With more funding for stem cell research we will be able to unlock the infinitive value in the use of e... ... middle of paper ... ...wever it is a very controversial topic in the United States. Many people disagree with stem cell research and also tried to put laws restricting it. In the past under the Bush administration there was in fact laws passed to try to keep embryonic stem cell research from going anywhere.
It is not enough to say that cloning is the creation of something, which is an exact copy of something else. That just leaves too much to the imagination and leads to the misunderstanding of the process. Cloning is the procedure which the DNA of a female egg cell is replaced with different DNA from another cell. In the operation the nucleus from an unfertil... ... middle of paper ... ...ll happen. In order for cloning to be a successful endeavor in the medical field, misconceptions and fears have to be reduced by educating people on the subject.
First, cloning is a procedure by which an organism is created identical to the original organism and called its clone. Alongside the practice of animal cloning is human cloning; many studies have shown the disadvantages of cloning which I strongly agree with. The controversy over cloning for the most part has been a tremendous theme of whether it is acceptable, that has now raised critical morals discuss about what cloning is. Since the beginning of cloning history, it was never being thoroughly thought out in the concerns of citizens. As experiments continue research into the borderline of science, we inch closer to the probabilities
(Fitzgerald 37) Within a few years' time, however, the medical possibilities of human cloning may be attractive enough to change public opinion. Research on human cloning would involve huge risks for the initial clones, because any experiments in human cloning would eventually have to be carried out on human beings. Human cloning is unethical because the risks of this practice greatly outweigh the benefits. The technique that produced Dolly the sheep was successful in only 1 of 277 attempts. If this technique were attempted in humans, it would risk miscarriages in the mother and severe developmental problems in the child.
Human right activists and some religious groups are against this type of research because the harvesting of stem cells from embryos is seen as the destruction of human life. These activists believe using human tissue as a starting point for new cell development is unnatural; killing one person to help another (author). Nevertheless, it is an unconventional and controversial type of medicine that could prove to be groundbreaking. With the proliferation of disease such as cancer in our society, stem cell research must be furthered implored in order to cure diseases and save countless lives despite the ethical controversy it has created. Stem cells are cells that have not differentiated to form specialized tissues, and can be found in the blastocyst during the embryological growth, as well as in the bone marrow of adult tissues.