The word myth in an academic context is used as “ancient narratives that attempt to answer the enduring and fundamental human questions: How did the universe and the world come to be? How did we come to be here? Who are we? What are our proper, necessary, or inescapable roles as we relate to one another and to the world at large? What should our values be?
This essay will examine the myth of Creation and the myth of the flood in multiple societies, as well as Mesopotamian prayers and myths about human-god interaction such as How Adapa Lost Immortality, as well as Aqhat to determine whether or not the gods really do care about humans. All religions hold the belief that humans were created by the gods, but the purpose for creation, as well as the method of creation, tends to vary. For instance, in the Epic of Creation, Marduk states that “[He] shall create humankind, they shall bear the gods’ burden that those may rest” (Foster, 38). In this Babylonian myth, Marduk passes this idea to Ea, who is actually responsible for the creation. There is no noted affection or love, it is treated as more of a convenience, creating them out of clay and the blood from the traitor Qingu with the “express purpose of providing them with food, drink, and lodging” (Ringgr... ... middle of paper ... ...42-46, 107-121, 173-175 in Religions of the Ancient Near East.
The Myth of Exodus There are many themes running through the Old Testament myth of Exodus – slavery, rescue and redemption, guidance, commandments on how to live, the creation of a nation, and God’s power over other gods. In this paper I will explore what appears to be the chief reasoning behind the creation of the Exodus myth – the explanation of the creation of a monotheistic religion and the similarities of the Exodus myth to the ancient myths, as well as how one should approach the reading of the myth. First of all, we need to understand what a myth is. William Bascom says in his essay, “The Forms of Folklore: Prose Narratives”, “Myths are prose narratives which, in the society in which they are told, are considered to be truthful accounts of what happened in the remote past” (Dundes 9). Trying to prove the elements in the myth as factual are contrary to the very existence of the myth.
He has a bit of a prologue in which he explains how the Muses have inspired him to write of the creation, and then he enters the primary creation narrative. This method of storytelling does a variety of things. First, it prepares the reader to accept the story. In Gilgamesh, the narrator tells us that Gilgamesh has set down his adventures in his own hand. This leads the reader to accept the story as an authoritative one, especially considering it has come from a mortal, like us, who is part god.
For example, Annunaki burned city with livid flame. As a result, daylight changed to darkness, people were separated from each family member and the place where people live became like the tides of battle, and even gods escaped to heaven. Ishtar, Queen of Heaven laments for her inability to command evil, wars, and people. From The Flood, I say that from Ishtar’s saying “Alas, the days of old are turned to dust because I commanded evil; why did I command this evil in the council of all the gods? I commanded wars to destroy the people, but are they not my people, for I brought them forth?
Eternal is defined as lasting or existing forever; without end or beginning. There comes a time in life where everyone must face the reality of death. Death is a stage of life that is often feared by many. Some view death as the beginning of a new chapter in their life beyond the physical world rather than it being an ending. On a daily basis death is both experienced and avoided.
Jagroop S Mann Professor Maroney Core 1001_26 17 April 2014 Gilgamesh “Gilgamesh” is a story that takes place in the Sumerian city-state of Uruk of which Gilgamesh was king of. Gilgamesh explores several themes or issues which show the importance of this mythology. Some of them include how death is unavoidable or how gods can be dangerous. It also discusses how motivation can effect a person like how love can act as a motivation. To begin, love can act as a motivating force as it was proven in Gilgamesh.
This often resulted in the ruination of crops causing the people of Mesopotamia to move around in search of food. Due to these harsh conditions they perceived their gods as powerful and merciless. They believed their gods created man for the sole purpose of serving them so that the gods could rest. The Sumerians would build large temples called Ziggurats for their gods to live in. They appointed high priests to run the community and converse with the gods.
Since the beginning of human civilization, Homo sapiens have strived to address the existence of God. In every era, humans have tried to explore the existence of God and presented their own elaborations to the concept of God. Some found Sun to be God, while others try to find “godly” part in other elements of nature like tress, animals, or stars. It can be noted that the existence of God is a concept, which is found in the very nature of human beings. The question of the “seen” or “unseen” is yet another argument, which populates the debate of philosophers.
The second theme was the limits of free will. Sophocles from the beginning wanted us to know that fate will control a man’s life no matter how much free will exists. That meaning that we are limited free will, there is path setup for us. For example Oedipus was left hillside to die, however the shepherd took him to the King of Corinth. That shows us Oedipus was destined to live in royalty.