This change, however, was not as much political or technological but religious. During this time, the introduction of ideas and theories, starting with the renown Galileo and Isaac Newton, spread a wave of enlightenment across Europe as people began to question the teachings and the overall infidelity of the church. Beginning in the seventeenth century Europeans began seeing a shift from the med-evil teachings of the church to a more enlightened scientific world. Although the Catholics were still against science and political democracy, a wave of new Protestants were very progressive. With the Catholic Church becoming aware that it was loosing some of its following to science, it tried desperate measures such as the inquisition where they questioned and tried to get rid of people not committed and devout to the church.
In other words, old ideas were revived in the arts and other means and less emphasis was placed o... ... middle of paper ... ... On The Revolutions Of Heavenly Bodies). Eventually, after all of the bias against the heliocentric model subsided, it was looked at in a new light. The Roman Catholic Church even eventually accepted it. Scientists began to discover that the Sun was and still is at the center of the solar system and that all the planets, including Earth, orbit it. Even though Copernicus had to fight to get his theory published and even though it had a misleading preface, Copernicus’ theory was eventually given the thought and consideration that it deserved.
His work allowed people who were dissatisfied with the Ptolemaic view to consider other possibilities. Another important figure of the Scientific Revolution is Galileo Galilei (1564-1642). He was the first to use the telescope to observe the stars and come up with the idea that the universe is completely subject to mathematical laws, and he was an ardent supporter of this novel concept. The heavens before the Scientific Revolution had been considered as the most mysterious part of the universe. With the heavens explained, people started to believe that it would be easy to understand humans as well.
It would appear that the hypothesis made little or ... ... middle of paper ... ... universe today. Kepler used mathematics to support and strengthen Copernican theory as well as hypothesising the laws of planetary motion. Galileo became well known, due to his findings with his telescope, whereas Copernicus' and Kepler's ideas were largely ignored. Galileo again proved Copernican theory by discovering sunspots and the infinity of the universe. I therefore suggest, in response to the question, that there was not one discovery in the renaissance that was more significant than the others, but that the work of these three scientists was equally significant, in that they provided evidence for an astronomical theory, that is still believed today.
Lily Benda CIV 202 Professor Heern 23 April 2014 The Enlightenment, a period marked by significant changes in rational thought, secularism, social equality, individual freedom, right to property, and human rights, occurred during the eighteenth century. The scientific revolution of the seventeenth century brought about the fundamental ideas on which the Enlightenment was based. Trade and science at the time were already spreading but during the Enlightenment era, these ideas started in Europe, spread globally, and became popular. This new transformation of thought and everyday life impacted the world on a global scale by bringing up new ways to make the government more rational. During the eighteenth century, these new ideas on scientific thought, advanced technologies, and new interests in trade-helped spread and impact the Enlightenment globally.
Copernicus began the revolution with his finding on the Earth, planets and stars. Galileo went further to connect the world. This came to him at great cost. Bacon and Newton meet less resistance from the Church, possibly due to their approach. In the end science proved to have the final say in the matter, not so much as to discredit the church but rather to dictate there place in the world of science.
The Catholic Church should not have censored materials concerning heliocentric heavens in the 16th century because the new discoveries Galileo found in his work helped to change and better the people’s understanding of the world. If a society only believes and follows one work, one author, one theory, then no one would be able to know if their beliefs and science are actually true. For something to be deemed true and not false, the concept should be tested and argued against to prove right or wrong. Galileo’s work allowed for people to break away from the Roman Catholic Church. It allowed people to have faith in something besides what scripture states.
A time when both religion and science strived toward the same goal: to understand and explain the mysteries of the world. The early Mesoamerican culture of the Maya was renowned for their intellectual advances in many areas of science and technology. However, upon further investigation, many of their experiments were often partially motivated by their belief system. Religious elements make prominent appearances throughout their discoveries in astronomy, accomplishments in architecture and in the development of the Mayan calendar. Despite a common contemporary belief that the progress of science is hindered by religion – an example of such, as with Galileo – the greatest technological advancements of the Maya had a significant connection to their religious beliefs.
Church Doctrine vs. Development Galileo Galilei applied the same approach the ancient scholastic had used-observation of natural events- but when his observations suggested that the earth must rotate next to the sun contrary to the deep rooted religious believe that the sun was simply moving through the ... ... middle of paper ... ...uted significantly to Europe's development from medieval blind faith and superstition to rational and critical thinking. The Closed Cycle As noted earlier, the Enlightenment was not a sudden event, and revolutions like the Scientific Revolution which produces the basis were not sudden events. Europe's development from medieval witch hunts over scientific approach to modern philosophy was lengthy and shaken by drawbacks and inner conflicts. It is difficult, if not impossible, to really draw an actual line or to pinpoint the moment that opened the gate for the thoughts of The Enlightenment. There might not have been any doubt which urged a scientific revolution without the ancient Greek suggested logic.
The scientific revolution had provided certainty about the natural world that had long been questioned. With these new developments came the progression and influence of thought, rationality, and individualism. These new ideas would be the hallmark for the Enlightenment movement that would shape most of Europe in the eighteenth century. Much to the dismay of the Church, two astronomers Galileo and Kepler had the audacity to challenge the authorities by suggesting that the sun-not the earth-was at the center of the universe. The church had a stronghold on the way the spiritual and physical world worked, so these discoveries only added to the Church’s resistance to their aims.