The English Language: The Concept Of Language And Language

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1.1.1. Language concept
All that ordinary speakers mean by the language actually is the actual language and speech. The distinction between language and speech is theoretically justified by the Swiss linguist Ferdinand de Saussure, one of the most famous theorists of linguistics and the founders of the modern stage in linguistics.
Language is a system of units and rules of their functioning. In other words, language is the inventory (vocabulary) and grammar that exist in potency, in the opportunity.
The idea of language as a system of expressions is common to most mentalist theories of language. In A. N Chomsky’s theories language is supposed to be build up by simple units such as verb phrases and noun phrases etc. There are moreover
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The subject can therefore not think of the world in another way than language describes it. And that means that when we do have a language, we are forced to think in accordance with that 10 language. This moreover means that we here have a form of linguistic idealism. The world exists as language describes it and there is no independent access to it. The view of language as a discourse that humans learn by participating in a social activity, do also contain an idea of language as something that is determined by use.
According to The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language concept is:
1. A general idea or understanding of something: the concept of inertia; the concept of free will.
2. A plan or original idea: The original concept was for a building with 12 floors. 3. A unifying idea or theme, especially for a product or service: a new restaurant concept. In the Oxford English Dictionary the term “concept” is defined:
1. A general idea derived or inferred from specific instances or occurrences.
2. Something formed in the mind; a thought or
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An idea or a principle that is connected with something abstract. See the concept (of something), the concept of social class, concepts such as ‘civilization’ and ‘government. The term concept has been used for a long time in the field of cognitive linguistics by many scientists (A. Wierzbicka, R. W. Langacker, J. S. Stepanov, R. M. Frum kina, et al.). N. A. Semenkina considers concepts to be units with the help of which the person can form his/her world cognition. Concepts are united in the systems that have their own peculiarities. In person's consciousness concept information can be presented as verbal and non-verbal. The cognitive status of the concept is to be the means of meaning transferring and cognitive representation of the concept is based upon considering it as complex multicomponent information structure that helps to explain units of person's consciousness. "Concept" is a "ligamentary link between a language and thinking; a unit of consciousness and informative structure that represents human experience" (O.S.

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