The British English was the language which had the biggest influence on current American English. Thus, it is important to introduce the features of British English. As we know from the History, the Germanic tribes, namely the Angles, the Saxons and the Jutes invaded Britain and pushed away the Celtic language already spoken there. This way the Old English was developed. It is quite difficult to understand it even for the contemporary Native English speakers.
In each era, there is an affection of other tribe’s languages on English language. As an example, Germanic tribes who moved into Britain and have an impact on Old English language are (Angles, Saxons, and Jutes). In the same way, the effects of the tribes lead to have many changes in vowel system, which calls the Great Vowel Shift .In this paper, I will discuss the Great Vowel Shift and the the process of that huge change. The meaning of Great Vowel Shift: The Great Vowel Shift happened in Modern English between 1500- 1800 which make some changes from Middle English to Modern English. Otto Jespersen is a Danish linguist and he is the discoverer of The Great Vowel Shift.
Their German language blended with those Celtic and Welsh residents who decided to stay. This is where the meld of Old English began. In the year 697 St. Augustine and other Roman Missionaries came to spread Christianity to the savages. Latin, one of the oldest known languages, was used for all the religious ceremonies and in all of the hierarchies. St. Augustine and these missionaries introduced the technology of writing.
Many of the Celtic speakers were pushed west and north by the invaders into what is currently Wales, Scotland and Ireland. The Angles came from "Englaland” and the language which they spoke were called "Englisc" - from which the words "England" and "English" are derived. English has changed immensely over the period of time. The change is so amazing that the English speakers of the 1300s would not have understood the English of the 500, much less the English that is spoken today. They are changes of every sort which have taken place form the sounds, in their distribution, and in the grammar.
The Vikings started to help devolop a Later around the time of 1066 a man named William the conqueror invaded Britain. He brought some concepts of the French la... ... middle of paper ... ...d take 70 years to be mad and was finished in 1928. The dictionaries today contain 220,000 words and are still revised to this day. When the british first got to America we got our words like racoon and moosed! These words traveled the world when the british were traveling back.
These are elements in their literature that influenced an early settlement that shaped England. The literature of the Anglo-Saxons had a major role in how literature was written. The influence of religions such as Paganism and Christianity were huge on the elements of how their stories were written. ”About 400 Anglo-Saxon texts survive from this era, including many beautiful poems, telling tales of wild battles and heroic journeys. The oldest surviving text of Old English literature is “Cædmon 's Hymn”, which was composed between 658 and 680, and the longest was the ongoing “Anglo-Saxon Chronicle”.
The duration of Early Modern English took place during the English Renaissance, and hence the amazing evolutions that occurred within it (Myers 166). After the Renaissance came the Age of Reason, and it is during this time that the language becomes recognizable to today (Smith 9). The most common example of Early Modern English is the fact that Shakespeare wrote in it, and it poses the most similarities to Modern day; the language moved from a synthetic one to a more analytical one, and relied less on inflectional endings and more with word order to convey information (Durkin 1). Early Modern English is the premise for the ever-evolving language that millions speak
One of the most phenomenal landmarks in regards to technology and the development of the English language was the establishment of a printing service by William Caxton in 1476 (Horobin and Smith, 2002). This provided an opportunity for intellectuals to induce structure and value to the Middle English language such that it could be applied for intellectual use. Through his printing press, Caxton made books available to most of the people who were willing to read. A major achievement at this time was the printing of numerous English version bibles. The use of Latin in the religious sphere took on a diminishing trend to give room for the dominion of English in Britain and its colonies.
2.1 Old English (449-1100) According to A. Campbell (1959:1), Old English also known as Anglo Saxon is ''the vernacular Germanic language of great Britain as it is recorded in manuscripts and inscriptions dating from before about 1100''. The Old English period was marked by such important historical events as occupation of Great Britain by Angles, Saxons, Jutes, and Frisians in 449;conversion to Christianity and introducing of writing; Scandinavian invasion in 787; reign of King Alfred in 871,who promoted the translation of Latin works into English, and composing of the Old English epic Beowulf in
After many British colonies gained independence, they had developed a hostile attitude towards the ‘tongue of the oppressors’ and did everything possible to wipe out their language. But this point of view is gradually changing. English as a language is gaining wider acceptance with passing time. In the modern times, globalization has fuelled the spread of English across the planet. English unites people from different races, backgrounds and religious communities making it a global