Under his rule Scotland and England were united, the King James Version of the Bible was published, William Shakespeare and various other writers prospered, education thrived, and the American colonies were founded.  However, James faced many problems with unifying the government. One of the main problems was the religious conflict existing within the Church of England. Anglicans and Puritans wanted the church organized in separate ways, but King James felt a unified state church would create a more powerful government God had given James the right to rule and therefore non-conformity to religious policies was a sin against God. Although he wanted one state church, James believed compromise and toleration would naturally drive citizens to become members, conforming to the policies of the Church of England.
He thought that government should protect the people. John Locke and Voltaire both spoke against a major power. Voltaire spoke against the church while Locke spoke against the government. Thus, change began occurring in both the church and government. John Locke and Voltaire changed society, because now people were beginning to challenge authority.
Realistically, the monarchy of England during the 1620’s and 1630’s did little to stifle religious anxieties left over from the reign of King James I. Rather, King James’ son King Charles I only exacerbated already existing conditions. King Charles I inherited a largely Protestant England from his father that was still facing questions over church structure and doctrine. In particular, the question over episcopacy was still unpopular amongst Puritan reformers within the Church of England. This issue was further compounded during King Charles’s reign by the rise of the Arminians and their doctrine, which for Puritan minded reformers bared a strong resemblance to Roman Catholicism.
He wanted to remove religion from the high Church and place it back into the lives of the common people. Dickens believed Christianity was demonstrated through good works and the teachings of the stories, instead of debating dogma. Dickens was a devoutly religious man who used his medium to express not only his views of Christianity, but also his profound belief in its rehabilitating function in society. He used his novels as a didactic platform to promote what he felt to be the proper moral solutions to social ills. He believed the church had lost the masses but that fiction could recapture them, thus leading the way to what he believed was the moral and upright path.
and also the royal supremacy made it slightly more difficult for He... ... middle of paper ... ... however, many parts of the old church had been destroyed. The manner in which Henry VIII played upon the anti-clerical feelings of many in Parliament was crucial to the advancement of Protestant religious doctrines in later decades. At the time of Henry's break from Rome, the English people were relatively content with the teachings of the Catholic Church, although occasionally resented hypocritical and worldly priests. The competing religious tendencies between government and people did not work themselves out in favour of a more Protestant England until after 1547. Henry always considered himself "catholic" in his beliefs and wished the Church of England to remain so as well: he considered the extremes of both Roman Catholicism and heretical Protestantism and tried contain them both in almost his own religion.
Religion and government in England had always gone hand in hand, and if one group’s ideas did not coincide with England’s laws controlling the practice of religion they would be denied. The unification of church and state within European countries led to many wars, resulting in massive debt. As England declared themselves a Catholic country, Protestants who did not hold the same beliefs needed a new homeland where they could be free to worship in their own way. This new homeland was America, and it allowed Protestants, now calling themselves Puritans, to practice Christianity without government interference. While original settlers came to America to create a Christian homeland where they could practice their faith how they wanted, America quickly became a homeland for religious freedom through a mixing pot of differing religions, cultures, and ethnicities, enough open land for them to exist together, and the key idea of the separation of Church and State.
Evangelicals, such as Simon Fish, had new ideas, and believed that the Church was wrong, while even members of the clergy, like John Colet, seemed to be dissatisfied with the work of the Church. Christian Humanists, for instance Erasmus, wanted a better and more accurate version of the Bible, and even totally devout ... ... middle of paper ... ... noble progenitors of right ought to have been, a full king, that is, a rule, and not rule in his kingdom as others were.' Bibliography Belloc, Hilaire. Characters of the Reformation TAN Books, October 3, 1992 Elton, Geoffrey Rudolph. Reform and Reformation: England, 1509-1558.
The Protestant Reformation of the 16th century was a religious revolution that occurred within the Christian Church, which resulted in the establishment of Protestant Churches, who began breaking away from the Roman Catholic Church. Originally the movement was started by Martin Luther, who was a monk, a priest and a Professor of Biblical study at the University of Wittenberg (Fisher 335). Luther, with his great political influence as well as his prolific writing, most notably his 95 Thesis, began a movement intended to address the abuses of wealth within the church. Although there were many people who realized that the church needed reformation, at the time, Luther really had no intention to split the church. The Protestant Reformation was an intellectual, cultural, religious, and political, upheaval that would separate Catholic Europe and set in place the structures and beliefs that would define the continent.
Luther’s methods were based on his personal growth with God and changin... ... middle of paper ... ...as political and civil. He wanted to reach out to society’s believers and the government. Being spawned from law and politics, Calvin wanted to reach to those in his position, helping those who felt tapered down to the Roman Catholic Church a refreshing faithful savior. He also wanted to rise against the council, intending to water-down their perception of authority in the public eye. Luther and Calvin represent a large range of the break from the Roman Catholic Church into an Age of Reformation.
The Lollards were an active group based in England. Lollardy appealed to the lower and middle classes and its idea's closely matched those of Luther. They denied the existence of purgatory, rejected the pope and spoke out against war. It wished to see a reduction in church wealth and the bible translated into English. They encouraged new ideas and criticism of the church.