“But man is not made for defeat," he said. "A man can be destroyed but not defeated.” (Hemingway, 29). This is one of the lines that Ernest Hemingway uses in one of his books, titled, “The Old Man and The Sea.” It was published in 1952, and was awarded the Pulitzer Prize the following year.
Throughout the 20th century there were many influential pieces of literature that would not only tell a story or teach a lesson, but also let the reader into the author’s world. Allowing the reader to view both the positives and negatives in an author. Ernest Hemingway was one of these influential authors. Suffering through most of his life due to a disturbingly scarring childhood, he expresses his intense mental and emotional insecurities through subtle metaphors that bluntly show problems with commitment to women and proving his masculinity to others.
From the time Ernest Hemingway became a renowned author, his works, as well as his life, have been analyzed by many. Under such scrutiny, many aspects of Hemingway’s works and life experiences have been in question to the realities and fallacies, which he laid forth. Much of Hemingway’s life, especially his time volunteering as an ambulance driver in Europe, has been in question to the true validity of his myth as a true adventurer and hero. However, as I have found, much of the mythology surrounding Hemingway is very true indeed, which leads me to believe that he did not embellish his life but rather used his experiences to create some of the greatest works of literature to be written throughout the twentieth century.
Ernest Miller Hemingway orErnest Hemingway as he was known was an American author and journalistborn on July 21, 1899, Oak Park, Illinois, a suburb of Chicago. He was the second child and the first son of his family to a physician of a father Dr. Clarence and a singer of a mother Grace Hemingway which was really different from other families in those days.Ernest Hemingway got into Oak Park and River Forest High School and proves to be an excellent student athlete who boxed, played sports and wrote for the schools newspaper and yearbook. I suppose his writing career started there and when he graduated, he decided to not go to college and serve in World War I and also worked in Journalism for a newspaper before he began publishing his collections In Our Time later in the years to come.“The newspapers style guidelines influenced Hemingway’s writing style for the rest of his career: Use short sentences, short first paragraphs, and vigorous English” (Fisher, Kansas City Star).He won the 1953 Pulitzer and also in 1954, Hemingway won the Nobel Prize because of his genuine writing style in which he implemented in his literary works. He was mostly known for novels like The Sun Also Rises, AFarewell to Arms, For Whom the Bell Tolls, and The Old Man and the Sea, which he worked on and was influenced while he was in different parts of the world.Hemingway’s journey throughout different parts of the world and his literary works that was published at his stays there will be pointed out and analyzed individually in this paper.
Author’s Background-Ernest Miller Hemingway was born on July 21, 1899, in Cicero, Illinois. He was raised in a suburb in Chicago, but also spend a great amount of time in Michigan. In High School he worked in the school newspaper and after graduating worked in the Kansas City Star. In 1918, Hemingway went overseas to serve in WWI as an ambulance driver. Their Hemingway met a woman that accepted his marriage proposal, but later left him for another man. After returning back to America he met Hadley Richardson and later became his first wife. Throughout his life he had various wife and amazing life experience that made him a very interesting person. During his life he wrote various works of literature and received various prizes like the Nobel Prize. He suffered
Ernest Hemingway is today known as one of the most influential American authors of the 20th century. This man, with immense repute in the worlds of not only literature, but also in sportsmanship, has cast a shadow of control and impact over the works and lifestyles of enumerable modern authors and journalists. To deny his clear mastery over the English language would be a malign comparable to that of discrediting Orwell or Faulkner. The influence of the enigma that is Ernest Hemingway will continue to be shown in works emulating his punctual, blunt writing style for years to come.
Nelson, Raymond S. Ernest Hemingway: Life, Work, and Criticism. Fredericton, N.B., Canada: York Press, 1984.
Oliver, Charles M. Ernest Hemingway A to Z: the Essential Reference to the Life and Work. New York: Facts on File, 1999. Print.
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May 16, 2014
Hemingway, War and A Farewell to Arms
Hemingway’s childhood and teenage years prompted him to enlist in the army and to go to World War I. His experience in World War I inspired him to write A Farewell to Arms, which depicts the real-life experience of the dangerous adventure of an ambulance driver who falls in love with the beauty of a woman who is a nurse during the war. Hemingway’s style of writing attracted millions of readers to purchase A Farewell to Arms. His ability of mixing fact and fiction made his works more unique and fascinating. His masterpiece became a symbol of hard life during war and it remains as one of the greatest novels of the twentieth century.
character “appears in various guises in the different novels and short stories but basically he is always the same type”(Lania8).Whether ordinary soldier or general, smuggler or gambler, Negro or journalist he is a man scarred by experience. He has always been gravely wounded, physically or mentally, either during the war, in the sports arena, during childhood, in fight for existence. At some time or other something terrible has happened to him and the memory persecutes him. Lania also explains that Hemmingway’s principal character is almost always an American from the Middle West. He is “no intellectual but his primitiveness is only a mask for his sensitivity. In order to master life he needs a moral code he can follow, a believe in certain rules by which to measure his behavior”(11). Neither books, reason nor religion can supply him with this belief. He needs to practical experience. Hemingway’s’ world is at war, “war either in the literal sense or the ruthless, brutal fight for existence”(11). In short stories Hemingway sums up his philosophy of life in one sentence: ‘A man can be destroyed but not defeated’ “the speaker is an old bullfighter who although overcomes, does not surrender and therefore proves the victor”(11). In another story a champion boxer provides a similar example. In his latest work, The Old Man and the Sea, the old Cuban fisherman triumphs through tenacity of his fight with the great fish, although in the end the sharks eat away his catch and deprive him of the reward for his indescribable sacrifice. This theme runs continuous through all of Hemingway’s works. “His outlook may be limited and incomplete, his conception of honor and heroes primitive, even childish”(12). The part played by women in Hemingway’s work is significant. That he handles sex without sentimentality that only strict moralists would hold against him. This was not only part of his poetic license but also an important contribution to our knowledge us. Hemingway’s lovers “have nothing in common either spiritually or intellectually, nor do they seek it”(14). They are not partners they are not even enemies. Their relationship is therefore neither exalted nor tragic.