Caesar and Pompey had a falling out and before that the Persians had killed Crassus. According to many sources had his head loped of and liquid gold poured down his neck; the Persians were said to have kept the skull as a trophy of their victory. This dissolution combined with the enemies Caesar had made previously sparked a civil war. Caesar came down from Gaul and drove Pompey out of Italy. He then made his way to Greece were Pompey had solidified his position.
After Lepidus retired from running for dictator, it left only Octavian and Marc Anthony. As Marc Anthony and Cleopatra set out to take the throne in Rome, they went to western Rome in Asia Minor to win battles. Anthony won the battle of Armenia but soon after returned to Alexandria instead of Rome. When People had wo... ... middle of paper ... ...ptember 13, the senate had made Augustus a god of the Roman state. By now, Tiberius, Augustus' adopted son, became the second emperor of the Roman Empire.
Caesar had started as a consul and had formed the first triumvirate with Crassus and Pompey. They had taken over the Roman civilization and had controlled for a while. When Crassus was killed and agreement was made. Pompey and Caesar were supposed to give up their military and enter the city of Rome to find a real ruler. Pompey was in on the deal and he was supposed to take over.
It is known that Caesar was educated by a man named Marcus Antonius Gnipho. In his late adolescence, he took up a political position during the Roman Civil Wars. He quickly learned to associate himself with the most powerful people of Rome; he would only marry Cornelia, “the daughter of the most powerful Roman of the era, the consul Lucius Cornelius Cinna”. Shortly after that, Lucius was killed by Sulla, the future “dictator” of Rome. Sulla demanded that Caesar divorce Cornelia; he refused, so Sulla stripped him of his priesthood of Jupiter and extracted his dowry from his marriage to Cornelia.
The legislative assemblies were composed of the citizens of the republic, but there were specific groups of people controlling certain asse... ... middle of paper ... ...ate and actually pitted Caesar against Pompey, who became the sole consul of the Roman republic since the government feared Caesar’s power after he was able to defeat many Gallic tribes in his conquest of Gaul. Pompey went on to lead the effort of demanding Caesar to disband his army because their terms in office ended. Pompey and the senate also would not allow Caesar to run for consul without being in Rome. Caesar feared going into Rome without his army because he thought that Pompey’s army would attack him, so Caesar requested that Pompey also part ways with his legions. After Pompey neglected to do so, Caesar crossed the Rubicon River into Italy; this technically meant declaring war on the government.
Antony took the east, Augustus took the west, and Lepidus away to Africa, since he was no long an equal partner (Scarre, 17). Augustus started to gain some reputation in the west; meanwhile Antony had left and conquered Egypt in order to gain his popularity. Unfortunately he married the queen of Egypt, Cleopatra, which was a disgraceful to Rome. Augustus raised an army of his own to fight Antony. The battle took place in Actium, and Augustus won the battle.
With little difficulty, the new Roman commander forced the Mithridates from Asia Minor and then spent some years overrunning the North East. The big range of Pompey's Journeys and his hatred towards the natives started future trouble with Parthia. Pompey did, however, increase Rome's dominions, and he also laid a firm foundation for Roman administration in the area. While in Palestine, he learned of Mithridates' suicide and some months later he returned to Italy and a third triumph. His action in disbanding his army relieved his enemies of their anxiety at his return, but it also persuaded the senate to refuse to approve his near Eastern
Augustus during the civil war, while Marc Antony was giving control over Egypt, used that time to spread propaganda about him saying that he was not Roman anymore to make Augustus sound more favourable. Augustus defeated Marc Antony’s fleet, preventing him from escaping although he eventually did escape to Alexandria where he later committed suicide. After Marc Antony was defeated Augustus was
They soon were married and Antony was making his way higher in the Roman world. In 49BC, he received the title of Augur (priest and soothsayer). It was during this same year that he vetoed the Senates attempt to take Caesar’s command. Antony left Rome and traveled to Gaul until things cooled down where he went back to watch over Caesar’s interests. Caesar soon became enemies against Pompey, Antony tried to defend Caesar and was kicked out of the senate.
Hannibal would later be exiled and Carthage would never regain its former power. Hopelessly, the Carthaginians tried to stand up to Rome one last time in 151. The city was destroyed and its entire population sold as slaves. Throughout its early history Rome constantly came up new innovative ideas have the upper hand over its enemies. The Romans were a determined people that believed that ruling the world was their destiny and after the defeat of its’ greatest rival Carthage, they were now masters of the Mediterranean.