These lead into narrow channels that originally opened on the exterior of the pyramid. At the juncture of the ascending and horizontal passage is an opening of a shaft which descends to a depth of 60 meters. It opens into the lower part of the descending passage, close to the unfinished, underground chamber, and is believed to have been an escape shaft for the workmen who filed the ascending passage with huge stones after the king's funeral. From the horizontal passage the Grand Gallery, which leads to the king's chamber, starts. It is 47 meters long and 8.5 meters high, and has a corbelled roof.
There was a furnace in the top of the lighthouse, which was reflected out to sea by a bronze reflector. It stood until 1323 AD. Over the course of three significant earthquakes, the lighthouse eventually toppled to the ground, never being repaired or rebuilt. Finally in 1480, the Egyptian Mamelouk Sultan, Qaitbay, built a fort on the same spot where the lighthouse layed, using the stone and marble from the site.
This area is approximately three hundred thirty feet in diameter, and encompasses “Stonehenge proper” – the familiar circles of massive stones that once stood upright as well as the large horseshoe arrangement of standing stones near the center of Stonehenge. (Trefil 48) The outer ring of Stonehenge proper, also known as the “sarsen circle,” consists of several upright sarsen (gray sandstone) stones. According to the text of Art History, each stone in this circle weighs up to fifty tons and stands up to twenty feet tall, and was once “capped by a continuous lintel.” To accomplish this architectural structure, the builders used the technique of mortise-and-tendon joints to join and ensure the security of the lintel sections. With this technique, a projecting pin (tenon) located on a lintel fits tightly into a hole designed for it (mortise) on an upright stone. (Stokstad 59) Inside the sarsen circle was once a ring of bluestones.
The Palatine Hill is central to the rest of Rome’s seven hills. According to Commendare Boni, the Palatine is the most of important of Roman Hills . The Palatine hill towers 40 feet above the Roman Forum and the Circus Maximus. The hill was carved from volcanic sediments which had been eroded over years by the Tiber River. It was originally the location of a Bronze Age settlement as archeological digs have found evidence of human habitation as far back as 10th century BC.
Paintings featuring humans used their own form of "sculpture in the round" by painting in ... ... middle of paper ... ...ars after Khafre’s reign, the fourth dynasty was just the beginning. Monumental Egypt, although it existed in burial tombs before Khafre’s reign, truly became a traditional pattern in the fourth dynasty. Khafre’s seated ka statues were numerous and perhaps the beginning of the formulaic sculpting of Egyptian ka statues. The King Khafre Seated that is at the Metropolitan Museum of Art now is not only the best ka statue of Khafre in existence, but perhaps one of the best examples of classic Egyptian sculpture from the Old Kingdom. Bibliography 1.
The inner part of Stonehenge dates back more than 5000 years ago. The radius of the inner circle spans 320 feet, the depth of the ditch is 7 feet deep by 20 ft wide. The people who built this circle took the chalk like rock that was produced from digging and built up a bank within the bank there were 56 holes dug named after the scholar John Alburey. At the entrance of the circle there were two stone that were put in place these made sort of an entrance way to the circle as well as two more stone opposite of each other. One of the main stones still standing is called the slaughter stone which is one of the entrance stones.
The Moche were a pre-Incan civilization that dominated the area of the Northern Peru coastline, roughly from 100 to 800 AD. They were known for their distinctive ceramics and artwork which depicted ritualistic human sacrifice, and their unique mortuary treatment of the deceased. Settlements ranged from farmsteads to urban agglomerations. (Millaire 2004) Temple complexes, usually consisting two paired buildings, dotted the coastline with evidence of ritualistic behavior. Huaca de la Luna, paired with Huaca del Sol and thought to be the capital of Moche, is an adobe structure located on the hill of Cerro Blanco on the Moche river valley in Northern Peru (Verano 2000).
Some include; the Ganesha statue, a first century Hindu relic, the 3 rough plinths found in the early 400 AD, a gift to the Brahmin priest (Hindu priest) in the early 400 AD, Candi Badut found in 760 AD (a Hindu goddess of time and death), Borobudur and Prambanan found in 8th – 9th century at a large Hindu temple complex near Jogjakarta. That’s not all. India also taught Indonesia about their religion which made Indonesia’s Sriwijaya Kingdom the centre of Buddhism teaching. That attracted a lot of pilgrim and scholars throughout Asia. Another influence is to our culture which had a lot of root from Hinduism and Buddhism culture.
Ashoka Indian Ruler One of the greatest rulers of India's history is Ashoka (Asoka). Ruling for thirty-eight years (274 B.C.-232 B.C. ), he was generally mentioned in his inscriptions as Devanampiya Piyadasi ("Beloved of the gods"). As the third emperor of the Mauryan dynasty, he was born in the year 304 B.C. His greatest achievements were spreading Buddhism throughout his empire and beyond.
Essay Introduction: In the following essay, I will be comparing and contrasting to architectural pieces by the Indians. The first is the Taj Mahal, a building constructed from white marble that took seventeen years to build in honor of Shah Jahan’s wife, Mumtaz Mahal (Z. Haq). This piece of architectural beauty belonged to the Mughal’s, the Muslim emperors in India (Z. Haq). The second is the Great Stupa at Sanchi, a holy, dome shaped structure that covers the body of the Buddha in honor of him and his contributions to Buddhism (Fischer, Julia). Furthermore, this structure was made of ruins, rocks, mud, and covered in bricks (Fischer, Julia).