Proportional representation awards seats based on percentage and multi-member district. Electoral College consists of 538 electors. To become a president 270 or more votes are required. However, if none of the candidate gets 270 votes, then the House of Representatives would select the president. I argue against Electoral College system.
Every four years, The United States holds an election in order to find the new president whom is to run the country. The elections are important to Americans because it can change the future for many generations. In 2000, the two candidates were: George W. Bush for the Republican Party and Al Gore, former vice president, for the Democratic Party. This Presidential Election was one of the most suspenseful and unclear presidential elections for more than a century. To make it even burrier than it already was, the media declared prematurely that Al Gore was the winner, then a few hours later that George Bush had won, and then retracted both statements before the election had even ended.
Senators plus its number of U.S. Representatives which is determined by its population (Rae, 23). Meaning that bigger states would have more Electoral votes than little states since their population is bigger. On the first Tuesday after the first Monday in November in years divisible by four, the people of each state submit their votes for the slate of electors representing their Presidential candidate which is inevitably the election of the States electors and not the election of the President (www.fec.gov/pages, 1). This “winner takes all” system is what decides which presidential candidate wins the states electoral votes.
Second, as it stands the Electoral College diminish voter turnout. Third, “faithless electors,” of which this country has had many, could decide an election. Lastly, the House of Representatives and, even an extreme case, the vice president can decide the president. The most obvious problem with the Electoral College is that a president can receive the majority of the votes and lose. In a true election the most popular candidate always wins.
THE ELECTORAL COLLEGE- IT’S TIME TO MOVE ON The next President of the United States, the successor to William Jefferson Clinton and man who will lead America as the first President of the new millennium is George W. Bush, the Republican governor of Texas, the son of a former President. Or it’s Democratic Vice President Al Gore, President Clinton’s right hand man for the past eight years. One of these gentlemen is the next leader of the free world. Who that gentleman is will in all likelihood be determined by the Supreme Court. Which is probably not what our nation’s Founding Fathers had in mind when they designed the Presidential election process.
The draw back, according to some, is that this may result in a few ultra populated areas determining the outcome of an election. Which ever side you are on, you can not deny the complexity of our Electoral College, and the confusion that may result from tight presidential races. To begin with, each State is allocated a number of Electors equal to the number of its U.S. Senators (always 2) plus the number of its U.S. Representatives (which may change each decade according to the size of each State's population as determined in the Census).
How important a role do electoral cycles play in American foreign policy? Does the fact that American presidents are elected or re-reelected every four years impact on the substance or approach of American foreign policy? While the U.S. presidential election campaign is in development, how will the elections influence the American Foreign policy? During the electoral cycle, does domestic policy overshadow foreign policy in importance to electorates? In just in what prospect does the four year election sequence affect the conduct of foreign policy?
The most notable is Richard Nixon’s 1968 heist in which rode the political realignment wave resulting from white’s disapproval of the approaches from the Movement. Since then the state has voted Democrats presidential candidates in 1976 elections -Jimmy Carter, 1996 elections -Bill Clinton and Barrack Obama in 2008 and 2012 elections. The state of Florida decided the 2000 presidential elections by voting George W. Bush over Al Gore for the presidency by just 537 votes. ( Hess & Wiesenfeld, 2011). In the senate democrats dominated up until 1992 when a republican was elected by a majority.
Mackenzie Marquess Professor Beange Govt 2305 23 October 2013 Electoral College Outline The Electoral College is a system that elects the president, it is possible for a presidential candidate to win the popular votes of the citizens and still lose the election because of the electoral college, a prime example of this rare happening is the election of 2000 where George Bush lost the popular vote to Al Gore but still won the votes of the electoral college 271 to 266. The Electoral College can best be explained in an article from the Huffington post which states “Every four years, voters go to the polls and select a candidate for President and Vice-President … the candidate who wins the majority of votes in a state wins that state's electoral votes.” (Soni) This is true for all but two states, Nebraska and Maine, where votes can go to both parties using a proportional representation form. The Electoral College was included in the constitution because although there were concerns about the inability of the people to accurately choose a national candidate, it was mainly put into practice to protect the highest office from control of the masses. The Electoral College is a crucial check on what would be just the unchecked will of the people. The way the Electoral College is designed is to show the views of the people while also allowing states as a whole to be recognized during the times of elections.
The roots of the Electoral College System can be traced way back to more than 200 years. A controversial debate on the effectiveness of Electoral College continues over years. The founders established it as a resolution between president choice by a vote in congress and choice of the president by qualified citizens’ popular vote. 538 electors constituted the Electoral College and 270 majorities of electoral votes choose the president. The United States got its independence from Great Britain, and its government based on the Articles of Confederation (Burgan 9).