It is defined as a group of citizens selected by the people to cast votes for President and Vice President. Before the November election, political parties in each state create lists of potential electors who pledge to vote for the party 's candidate in the Electoral College. Electors were viewed as a compromise between a true popular election and an election by more qualified citizens. A state 's number of electoral votes equals the number of the state 's Congressional delegation. The District of Columbia receives three electoral votes, based on the 23rd Amendment to the Constitution.
Today only about half the voters described themselves as democrats all or republicans. Also, many people vote for candidates of more than one party. These changes show that many citizens vote on the basis of candidates and issues rather than for a party”. (Robert Agranoff “Election Campaign”) There are many issues that go into running for president. The most important is the voter turnout.
The founders originally came up with several different ideas to accomplish this. After deciding against a popular national vote, they considered just having the congress or the state legislature select the president. They finally decided on the system that we have today, the Electoral College. The Electoral College works by representing each state separately in the election. In doing this, the states share power with the federal government.
Therefore, the winner-take-all system inaccurately represents the will of the American citizens since not all candidates garner any electoral votes. On the other hand, a popular vote for the president could lead to many runoffs if neither candidate reaches a majority, creating a bigger opportunity for voter fraud and manipulation of the vote, which would not truly represent the will of the people, states, or country. The Electoral College sometimes fails to represent the national popular vote because states use the winner-take-all approach and not some proportional method for the representation of its voters. However, the Founding Fathers were not too keen on
The current president has only been in office since August 7, 2010. The vice-president and cabinet are chosen by the president. The legislature branch is made up of a bicameral Congress which is made of the Senate and the House of Representatives. The Senate is composed of one hundred and two seats and the Senators are elected by the people for a four-year term. The House is made of one hundred and sixty-six seats and is also voted for by the people for a four-year term as well.
In all the years that the electoral college has been established, only 6 elections occurred where the popular vote didn’t match who won the electoral votes ("Presidents Winning Without Popular Vote - FactCheck.org"). However, this still makes people feel as their vote did not count, and discourages voters. Critics of the electoral point out how this method frustrates voters, it makes them feel contrary to what is being told to them, that their vote indeed does count. Another issue with the electoral college it does not help support the minority candidate. The Majority parties are the Democrats and Republicans.
It is a group of ‘electors’ who are nominated or appointed by each party within each state however they choose, who have pledged their loyalty to one candidate. In fact, it is the electors for whom we vote on Election Day. The Electoral College is comprised of 538 members representing the number of the total number of members of the House of Representatives and Senate and three electors representing the District of Columbia. A presidential candidate must have a majority of electoral votes in order to become president. In December of a presidential election year, the electors meet in their state capitals to cast their vote for President.
Is it possible for a presidential candidate to receive the most popular votes and still not be elected president? Many Americans are shocked to discover that the answer to this question is yes. The Founding Fathers were not the strong advocates of democratic rule that the average American has been led to believe. For proof of this one needs to look no further than Article II of the United States Constitution. In Article II one will find the details of the Electoral College system, a system which denies the power to elect the president to the American people.
With 538 Electoral College votes available for each candidate to win, a candidate must obtain at least 270 to win the election (Patterson, 2013). When a closer look is taken at the popular vote in comparison to the electoral vote, the American people in reality vote for electors, not for the actual candidates themselves. The candidate who garners the majority of votes from electors is the candidate that is awarded the office of presidency. Even though the Constitution allows the electors to vote for any candidate, they usually vote for the candidate of the political party that selected them. In a limited number of occurrences, the structure of the Electoral College has prompted
If no presidential candidate can get to 26, there is no constitutional mechanism for producing a winner, so the vice president can step in and take over as if he is the president. Although this has never happened before, never let your guard