When Election Day—which is held every 4 years—arrives, the American people go to their polling places and vote for their candidate, the votes are tallied, and whoever wins the most counties through popular vote gets the entire state’s electoral votes credited to them. On the first Monday after the second Wednesday of December, individual electors from each state cast the vote for the presidency according to whichever candidates won the most counties in their state (Curry, 2012). These votes that are cast by the electors are called electoral votes; the amount of votes for each state vary, which causes some issues. Lack of Popular Vote and the Electoral College For most of the world, leaders are chosen by popular vote. All of the country’s citizens go to cast their vote, every vote is tallied, and whoever has the most votes, wins.
The roots of the Electoral College System can be traced way back to more than 200 years. A controversial debate on the effectiveness of Electoral College continues over years. The founders established it as a resolution between president choice by a vote in congress and choice of the president by qualified citizens’ popular vote. 538 electors constituted the Electoral College and 270 majorities of electoral votes choose the president. The United States got its independence from Great Britain, and its government based on the Articles of Confederation (Burgan 9).
During the next four presidential campaigns, political parties began to emerge in the United States. During the presidential election of 1800, two candidates from the same party received an equal number of votes. It took the House of Representatives thirty-six tries to break the tie. The tiebreaker involved bribes and other political dealings that the Electoral College was designed to prevent. This all prompted the Twelfth Amendment to the Constitution in 1804.
This “winner takes all” system is what decides which presidential candidate wins the states electoral votes. The Presidential candidate who wins the popular vote in the state has its designated electors given the electoral votes for that state which means that candidate wins all of the electoral votes for that state. You need 1 more than the majority of the electoral votes to win the presidency (Rae, 34). The only problem with this is that a presidential candidate can win the Presidency with out winning the popular vot... ... middle of paper ... ...tp://www.blackpast.org/primary/voting-irregularities-florida-during-2000-presidential-election Internet Sources Consulted "Frequently Asked Questions." U. S. Electoral College: Frequently Asked Questions.
My conclusion is that the Electoral College has done its job for over 200 year. The college has performed in over 50 presidential elections. The college ensures that the president of the USA both governs by popular support and that his popular support is sufficiently distributed amongst the country. This enables the president to govern and run the country effectively. There were many cons towards the college, though anytime it was proposed to be abolished; it failed because anything else would be more problematic than the college itself.
If you think on the Election Day, you just voted for US president, than you are mistaken, just like millions of Americans who hope their votes would pick next president. When voting for President, we actually vote for state electors who hold Electoral votes. Electoral votes are the votes that decide victory of candidate in election. This Electoral College System has limited democracy to people in major three ways. Electoral college holds an ability to alter result of Election over popular votes, discriminates candidates to campaign in certain states not others, and creates high voter turnouts.
However, after months of predictions of a too-close-to-call contest, Bush won nationwide balloting making him the 15th president elected to a second term and the first to win both a majority of the popular vote and the Electoral College since his father in 1988. The GOP also extended its majorities in the House and Senate. The Presidential election followed a political campaign in which the weapons of choice were partisan criticism and attack ads rather than details that illuminate the character of the candidates. What troubled me about these partisan attacks is that reporters and columnists are governed by the tides of events tending to be too laudatory about candidates on the way up and too critical of politicians on the way down. For example; the coverage of Howard Dean's presidential race.
Electoral College Worth It Or Not? In 2000 the election between George W. Bush and Al Gore was a heated election, where it came down to the wire. As history tells, George Bush won the election simply because he received more electoral votes, but he did not end up winning everything. Al Gore actually won the popular vote meaning more individual people voted for Gore than Bush, but Bush won because of the Electoral College. If the whole entire purpose of the Electoral College is to help candidates get the “winner takes all strategy.” How is it possible for one candidate to win the popular but lose the Electoral College?