I ask the parent to come into my office so we could discuss the matter privately. If I didn’t, I knew the next step would have been a call to the School Resource Officer (SRO) to remove her from the campus. She had previously sued the school for another issue and I did not want things to get out of control. We spoke in my office and her main concern was for her son, who she believed would be lost if he was not allowed the same services he received in middle school, with extended time for assignment and privacy during test. I tried to no avail, to relay to her that our school is a caring envi... ... middle of paper ... ... that gray areas are necessary, but I maintain that I will allow my conscience to be my guide and not rule on emotion or pressure but on character and integrity.
One of these persuasive tactics that makes it possible for the speaker to influence the receiver in the hopes of changing their habits or perceptions is framing. The receiver will seek “relevant information to form her own beliefs; [...] by using such information and the associated beliefs to form intentions to engage in self-beneficial, or adaptive, behaviour” (Taillard, 2004). The thrust that we have that the information is valid and given upon a cooperate basis, makes it possible for the speaker to manipulate the audience.
When trying to persuade someone, there are two different methods from which to choose-the central and peripheral routes. The central route persuades by usingdirect arguments and pertinent information. The peripheral route persuadespeople by association with incidental cues that are pleasing to the senses. The central route is used to reach people who are more motivated and analytical, while people who are less analytical and less involved aremore likely to be influenced by the peripheral route. In advertising a combination of the two is common and effective.
It is through persuasion that changes in attitudes can occur. The two methods for achieving attitude change through persuasion that will be the main focus of this essay are: the Ingratiation and Door-in-the face techniques. Discussed will be the factors that might inhibit their ability through cognition, feeling and actions. Additionally addressed with be the classes of independent variables examined by the Yale group that aid in persuasion such as message source, message and processing of the message (page124AAC). The fundamental component of the ingratiation technique is the level of likeability the target regards towards persuader.
A cognitive response is a thought generated in response to persuasive communication (Petty, 1981) and therefore, triggers an attitude change. The way in which a cognitive is response to the effects of attitude, after exposed to persuasive communication, has to do with the way the receiver of the communication to manipulates, elaborates and integrates the information (Greenwald, 1968). When people exposed to information, they relate it to existing thoughts that they already have on the subject. People are more likely to persuade by messages to which they have previously thought optimistically. The cognitive response theory probation to understand the link between the initial response to communication and the attitude change that results.
Our way of framing reveals something about how you view others and your world (Brochers 197). Burke developed the pentad to uncover said motives. They are act (what is done), agent (the actor), agency (how), sense (where), and purpose (why) (Brochers 197). Knowing that audience members create ideas about their world based on one or more of the terms of the pentad, burke theorizes that persuaders can use language to structure the world view of audience members (Brochers 197). A persuader can focus on the terms of the pentad that would be favorable to his or her persuasive goals (Brochers 197).
These are identified as verbal instructions, modeling, a... ... middle of paper ... ..., Krantz, P. J., & McClannahan, L. E. (2001). They suggest to define the target behavior and then identify what prompts are suitable. The goal of the treatment should be then to prompt, reinforce, and fade as quickly as possible and monitor the results to adjust the procedure as necessary. Ethical considerations: Ethical considerations would come in the form of future use and if a prompting procedure were found to be more effective, it is the one that should be used. The ethical consideration should be made that if a prompting procedure is deemed to have a faster acquisition of a behavior set, then it would be unethical to continue the use of other prompting procedures.
Thinking is when we make careful decisions with an analysis and thought about processes. With thinking we may weight our pros and cons and make a justified decision. Feeling is when we react off our emotions. We have a battle in our mind when our feelings and thoughts don’t coincide with each other. A weakness with the personality trait of thinking is that our thinking can be altered by outside factors.
Some examples will be added that are necessary to assist us, in sustaining the main argument as well as to facilitate defining some requirements, for a HOT to occur in a conscious state. Thirdly, some of Ned Blocks objections to the Higher Order Thought Theory will be considered and review in order to reaffirm the validity of the main argument. Block's objections will be taken as the main challenge to Rosenthal's HO theory.... ... middle of paper ... ...higher order theory provides an encouraging investigation of the many connections consciousness has with other mental phenomena. To conclude this essay, I like to emphazise that Rosenthal's HOT is more of an empirical hypothesis, rather than an analysis of the term ‘consciousness.’ His aim is precisely to explain the phenomena of consciousness in relation to other mental states, such as thought and perception, and while achieving this, he has elaborated a theoretical structure for comprehending the functions of our mind. One may be able to conceive consciousness in the absence of higher-order states, but this does not mean that we can explain consciousness in the absence of higher-order states.