The Effects of Technology-based Instruction on the Achievement of Early Elementary Students

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Review of Literature Introduction While the majority of studies of technology conducted in the field of education have more to do with the students’ ability to operate available technology, there is little research that attempts to determine on whether or not students can, through the use of technology affectively gain knowledge that goes beyond familiarity with the equipment itself. In the research conducted by Chang in 2008, the researchers revealed that students benefited from experience with technology in two interconnected ways. Students, with access to the Internet outside of school, were able to use this technology as a means of providing assistance with their schoolwork. Similarly, the students who used the Internet outside of school were more competent at meeting the technological skills required of them by their school (p. 632-632). In the 2009 study that was set about to discover the implications of an experimental curriculum that integrated information technology (Ching, p. 419, para. 3), the researcher noted; In the 21st century, information technology (IT) forms an integral part of the teaching learning process and has a tremendous impact on the character and functions of education in most countries. Children’s innate curiosity for exploration of the world is often parallel to their inquisitiveness for IT. (Ching. p. 419 para. 1) The plethora of difficulties that must be confronted when it comes to successfully integrating technology into the classroom include, but are not limited to, lack of expertise with the available equipment, high student to computer ratio, limited access to technology and the high cost of technology. However, when considering the challenges teachers contend with when facing the ... ... middle of paper ... ... Teaching and Learning in the Classroom. Retrieved from www.ncrel.org/sdrs/areas/issues/methods/technlgy/te600.htm Walker, D. (1998). Education in the Digital Age (Bowerdean's Work in the Digital Age Series). London: Bowerdean Publishing Company. Wells, J., and Lewis, L. (2006). Internet Access in U.S. Public Schools and Classrooms: 1994–2005 (NCES 2007-020). U.S. Department of Education. Washington, DC: National Center for Education Statistics. Wood, R., & Ashfield, J. (2008). The use of the interactive whiteboard for creative teaching and learning in literacy and mathematics: a case study. British Journal of Educational Technology, 39(1), 84-96. Retrieved from Education Full Text database. Zucker, A. (2009). Assessment Made Easy: Students Flourish in a One-to-One Laptop Program. Learning & Leading with Technology, 36(8), 18-21. Retrieved from ERIC database.

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