The Effects of Gender Roles on Chinese Natal Policies

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The Effects of Gender Roles on Chinese Natal Policies China is quickly becoming a very prosperous nation. There is one aspect, however, that threatens to derail its rise to prosperity, the exponentially high birth rates. To combat China’s growing population, government officials enforced an anti-natalist policy known as the One-Child Policy. Ultimately, the policy “amounted to an assault on China’s system of gender norms and roles” (“Family Planning”). With the implementation of China’s One Child Policy, sex preference among babies has become evident. Socially, it has been the duty of a woman to “obey her father as a child; her husband as a married person; and her son as a widow” (“Confucianism: Woman’s Way”). In regards to the workforce, “employers commonly specify sex, age, and physical appearance in job offers” (“Equality Still a Dream”). Moreover, from a religious standpoint, “Confucianism acknowledges women only for the purpose of reproduction” (Gao 114). Incontrovertibly, the effects of gender roles on Chinese natal policies is largely attributed to traditional views of women’s social standing, contribution to the workforce, and religion. Socially, women are regarded as victims of society in a patriarchal China by some experts (Gao 114). Notably, China uses a system known as Androcentrism which places the “male sex in the center and the other [female sex] in the periphery” (“Confucianism: Woman’s Way”). As a result, a “son-preference exists in China as it embodies an old-age security problem and the need for male labor” (“China’s Coming One-Child Crisis”). The old-age security system incorporates the government and the employed in such a way that places tax money into retirement funds for the elderly as a way ... ... middle of paper ... .... 09 Dec. 2013. Zijuan, Shang, Li Shuzhuo, and Marcus Feldman. Policy Response of Gender Imbalance in China: The "Care for Girls" Campaign. Web. 20 Jan. 2014. The Effect of Gender Roles on Chinese Natal Polices Thesis: Incontrovertibly, the effects of gender roles on Chinese natal policies is largely attributed to traditional views of women’s social standing, contribution to the workforce, and religion. I. Introduction II. Causes of Gender Roles A. Social Aspects 1. Old-age security system 2. Marriage 3. Childbearing 4. Honor B. Workforce 1. The women’s constitution 2. Discrimination of women C. Religion III. Effects A. One-Child Policy 1. Infanticide 2. Health problems 3. Overcrowded orphanages IV. Solutions A. “Care for Girls” campaign B. Two-Child policy V. Conclusion

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