Children can experience many different psychological issues after being abused. One of the most common issues is a feeling of worthlessness; many children find it hard to regain their self-esteem after being put down repeatedly or being violated for no rational reason. When a child who has been abused grows up they may experience problems when it comes to jobs, they might not believe they are qualified for a certain position or that their coworkers are superior to them (Saisan). Abused children can also have a difficult time expressing emotions, which can lead to anxiety, depression, and anger. It is not uncommon for a child to lash out at someone who is trying to... ... middle of paper ... ...eter-child-abuse/0001383 Iannelli, Vincent.
Researchers found that children’s externalizing issues such as aggression, substance abuse, and inappropriate behavior at school are commonly observed in children that are impact with domestic violence (Ghasemi, 2009; Moylan et al., 2009; Owen et al., 2009). Additionally, children will display poor academic performance because of the reoccurring exposure to viol... ... middle of paper ... ...impact of internalizing and externalizing problems on children who witnesses domestic violence. The study showed that children often suffer from internalizing issues such as depression and anxiety due to the violent exposure. Likewise, children often show externalizing behaviors such as aggression when exposed to domestic violence. Furthermore, Erikson’s theory is relevant in addressing the issue that trauma can have through the individual’s development when exposure to domestic violence.
Section 3: Intimate partner violence. Retrieved from http://www.statcan.gc.ca/pub/85-002-x/2013001/article/11805/11805-3-eng.htm#a1 UNICEF. (2006). Behind Closed Doors: The Impact of Domestic Violence on Children. Retrieved from http://www.unicef.org/protection/files/BehindClosedDoors.pdf Royal Canadian Mounted Police.
Family violence is a cycle that is very hard to stop. A home is supposed to be a safe place where children learn how to love and relate to others. If they are constantly seeing violence in their parent's relationship, then they assume that a normal relationship is also filled with violence. Often, children do not understand why the violence occurs and may be afraid to share their emotions because of fear. They may associate love and pain together, because this is witnessed in their home.
The security of the child is shatter... ... middle of paper ... ... was reported that many children found it difficult to develop friendships for reasons such as holding back from others as well as fear of inviting others to their home (Adams 2006). In conclusion, it is clearly shown that domestic violence has a negative effect on the children who witness it. An expanding body of research suggests that childhood trauma and adverse experiences can lead to a variety of negative health outcomes (Anda & Chapman & Dube & Felitti & Giles & Williamson, 2001, p.1). In fact, childhood stressors such as witnessing domestic violence and other household dysfunctions are highly interrelated and have a graded relationship to numerous health and social problems (Anda & Chapman & Dube & Felitti & Giles & Williamson, 2001, p.2). It is obvious and clearly shown that the children who witness domestic abuse have serious long term mental effects.
Studies indicate that 30-43% of children in the United States have witnessed some form of physical violence between their parents. This violence can have a profound effect on preschoolers cognitive and emotional development. Studies suggest that younger children may be more vulnerable to the effects of witnessing domestic violence than older children (Johnson and Lieberman, 2011) so it is very disturbing to recognize that young children are more likely to witness incidents of violence than older children (Ybarra, Wilkens, & Lieberman, 2011). Witnessing these acts of violence has a detrimental effect on the cognitive development as well as emotion regulation and internalizing and externalizing behaviors in preschoolers (Lieberman, 2011; Ybarra, Wilkens, & Lieberman). Studies show that dysfunctional development can be deterred through a positive relationship with mother and child, and that resilience is possible if a nurturing relationship exists in which the mother is attuned to her child’s emotions.
Retrieved from http://www.ncvc.org/ncvc/main.aspx?dbName=DocumentViewer&DocumentID=32347#3 Vickerman, K., & Margolin, G. (2007). Posttraumatic stress in children and adolescents exposed to family violence: II. Treatment. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 38(6), 620-628. doi:10.1037/0735-7028.38.6.620
In addition, single parents are at risk to abuse children along with substance abuse (Gosselin, 2014). Also, poor parent-child relationships and disabilities increase a caregiver’s risk to abuse (Gosselin, 2014). Abusers usually will manipulate the child into keeping child abuse a secret from others (Gosselin, 2014). There are many reasons to why the child will feel helpless to tell on the abuser including embarrassment, no one will believe them, and threats were made towards the child if they did open (Gosselin, 2014). Children under the age of one are at the highest risk of abuse (Gosselin, 2014).
Being exposed to abusive trauma that leads to PTSD has shown to cause children to have higher levels of dissociative symptoms and more behavioral problems (De Bellis, Woolley, & Hooper, 2013). Children tend to mimic behaviors that are observed by their guardians or parents, and it is likely that at some point a child will express those same behaviors, but most likely in a different way. Being abused can often lead to a reenactment of that same attempt of punishment on the child’s future family. There are many mental concerns associated with childhood abuse that can be major factors in the future of the child. Some children who have been abused go on to live balanced lives, whereas other struggle mentally in various aspects of life.
Child abuse has been found to have bad effects on the lives of the abused victims. Psychology shows that children who are physically abused tend to develop some aggressive behaviors towards themselves and their surroundings, and children who suffer from emotional abuse tend to build unhealthy relationship in their adulthood. Many children grow up with no proper care from parents and this can make them dangerous to themselves and the society. The purpose of this essay is to explain the problems the abused victims are faced with and how child maltreatment can be prevented. Research performed by some authors has also shown that children who are abused have the tendency of becoming abusive parents themselves.