The Effects of Chernobyl Nuclear Disaster on Humans and the Environment

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"The tops are leaping off the reactor lip" this was the first warning which the control room received before the destructive explosion in Chernobyl that occurred at 1:23 AM local time. Twenty three minute after the warning in the morning of 26 April 1989, the reactor exploded. The Chernobyl nuclear accident was an unexpected catastrophe that can happen in the history of producing nuclear power. International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) defined a nuclear accident as an accident that includes any activities that lead to the release of radioactive material and causes significant consequences. The location of Chernobyl city is in the north of Ukraine near the Belarus border. That nuclear accident happened when in reactor number 4 in the Chernobyl nuclear power in the Soviet Union exploded. Because of that extreme explosion, the radioactive emissions dispensed into the environment and caused immediate deaths, illnesses and many health problems. World Health Association (2013) reports that during the accident, one person died immediately and another one died in the hospital due to the harmful injuries he received. Health World Organization (WHO) (2006) also reports that a few weeks after the disaster 28 people died because of the Acute Radiation Sickness(ARS). The Chernobyl nuclear accident is one of the major disasters in the history of nuclear power which had many serious effects on humans and the environment. Humans were a victims of the Chernobyl nuclear accident which affected their lifestyle and their health. People of Chernobyl were evacuated to clean and safe areas. According to the World Health Organization (WHO) (2006), there were 116 000 people who were evacuated from Chernobyl region to other safe areas in the summe... ... middle of paper ... ...ust be according to medical certificate. Works Cited Chernobyl Accident 1986. (2013). Retrieved November 1st, 2013 from http://www.world-nuclear.org/info/Safety-and-Security/Safety-of-Plants/Chernobyl-Accident/ Chernobyl Nuclear Accident. (2013). Retrieved December 6, 2013 from http://www.greenfacts.org/en/chernobyl/ Chernousenko,V. M. (1991). Chernobyl Insight from the Inside. Berlin: Springer- Verlag. Flanary, W. (2008). Environment effects of the Chernobyl accident. Retrieved November 1st, 2013 from /http://www.eoearth.org/view/article/152617 Nuclear accident. (n.d.). In (IAEA) Glossary. From http://www.iaea.org/ns/tutorials/regcontrol/intro/glossarya.htm#AB World Health Organization. (2006). Health Effects of the Chernobyl accident: an Overview. Retrieved November 1st, 2013 from http://www.who.int/ionizing_radiation/chernobyl/backgrounder/en/index.html

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