The Build Up to Bloody Sunday On Saturday 5 October 1968 a civil rights march was organised, but it was stopped before it had really begun by the Royal Ulster Constabulary. The RUC broke up the march by using batons, which left many members of the march severely injured. Broadcasters around the world were filming this incident. The incidents in Derry had a big effect on many people around the world but particularly on the Catholic population of Northern Ireland. For two days after this march there was serious rioting between the Catholics and the RUC.
On the 30th of January 197213 Catholics were killed by British Paratroopers on the streets of Londonderry. It was the result of an illegal but originally peaceful march led by the NICRA the civil rights movement. The march attracted 15000 people all for a similar cause, to ban Internment. The day became known as Bloody Sunday because of the terrible events that took place. Although the details of what actually happened remain undecided, because of the controversial views of the people that took part in the march.
As the march approached the city centre where Army barricades were set up, the first shot of many was fired. The question of who was to blame was then introduced, with neither the Army nor the Catholic marchers accepting responsibility. Thirteen people were found dead after the incident with may others left injured. With neither side accepting blame for the incident and instead blaming the incident on the opposition, the question of who is to blame is a difficult one. It is thought that the previous violence of the summer of 1969, particularly the Battle of Bogside, in which Catholics violently fought with the RUC and B Specials, provoked the introduction of the British Army.
There was a building tension as every day in the months leading up to "Bloody Sunday" there was rioting in the city, Rioters operating out of Free Derry would pelt the army with stones at a place known as "agro corner" and for a good reason. Perhaps it is this endless rioting that made some members of the army based in Northern Ireland fired up and ready to kill, also the sheer number of Nationalist protestors could have been intimidating enough to evoke a reaction from some of the younger, less experienced soldiers. When the opportunity came for them to release some of their pent up aggravations they were only too willing to. The Bloody Sunday documentary film portrayed the army as being aggravated, one soldier admitted to firing 22 rounds but he remained resolute that the marchers had fired on them first, and that nail and acid bombs had
Protestants and Catholics in History On 30th January, 1972, Derry Stormont (MP) and Ivan Cooper organised a civil rights march to protest about Irish people, mainly catholic, being imprisoned without trial when they were fired at by British paratroopers, fourteen unarmed men and boys were shot dead and thirteen others were wounded. This day became known as Bloody Sunday. The protesters were Catholic, this made the Catholics angry with not only the British but also with the protestants in Ireland as they were the enemy as they believed in the same thing and wanted the same things as Britain. The protest was started by students, housing and unemployment were high for many Catholics, they had come to try and get equal rights. Protestants though this to be interfering with Irish issues, but had no power to stop it as it was supposed to be a “peaceful” demonstration.
They passed through a strongly Protestant area provoking violent reactions from unionists and loyalists. At Burntollent Bridge, the marchers were ambushed by Protestant loyalists while police from the RUC looked on doing little to help. When the marchers reached Londonderry, loyalist mobs awaited them. RUC officers and B-Specials went into the Catholic Bogside area, terrorising and destroying everything in sight; smashing shop windows, throwing petrol bombs and singing abusive Protestant songs. After the fiasco at the Battle of the Bogside, a series of bomb explosions increased tension further.
The arrival of more soldiers only caused more of an uproar between the people of Boston and the red coats. Bostonians went out of their way to harass British soldiers whenever they got the chance, but on March 5, 1770 both sides acted unacceptably resulting in the Boston Massacre (84-85). On the night of March 5th, it is believed that a small group of boys began taunting a British soldier. Over the boys’ nonsense, the soldier battered one of his oppressors with his musket. Soon after the alleged incident a crowd of about fifty or sixty people surrounded the frightened solider.
The Bloody Sunday On 30th January 1972, 13 Catholics were killed when soldiers of a British paratroop regiment opened fire during a civil rights march in Londonderry. The day became known as Bloody Sunday. Its impact led to a resurgence of violent opposition to the British presence in Northern Ireland. Although the details of what took place that day remain controversial, many of the basic facts are not disputed, 14 people had been killed etc. The demonstration was held in protest at the policy of internment without trial.
Bloody Sunday Troops were sent into Ireland in 1969, to sort out the troubles. Catholics in Derry’s bogside area built barricades to protect themselves in early 1969. They felt that they could expect no protection from the police. The situation continued to deteriorate in the following months, with some explosions, which damaged electricity and water supplies. The explosions were blamed on the IRA, but really were the work of the Ulster Protestants Volunteers (UPV), who were trying to discredit the Catholics.
In the Bogside area of Derry, there was a tragic incident known as Bloody Sunday or the Bogside Massacre for sometimes. Twenty-eight unarmed civilians were shot down by equipped British soldiers when protesting internment without trial introduced to deal with the escalating level of violence peacefully.(Gillespie). As a reaction to the tragedy, Bano in an Irish band called U2 wrote a protest song called Sunday Bloody Sunday, in which he asked for the peaceful future without conflicts. Repeating “how long must we sing this song?” among the whole lyric, this protest song Bano wrote utilized a peaceful way to depict the scenes of Bloody Sunday, the loathing for the horrible massacre, and their beautiful expects for the future filling with hopes.