Coe D. P. (2006). Effect of Physical Education and Activity Levels on Academic Achievement in Children. American College of Sports Medicine. Vol. 38, No.
Web. 12 Aug. 2013. Sitkowski, Lee S. "The Effects of Participation in Athletics on Academic Performance among High School Sophomores and Juniors." Diss. Liberty University, 2008.
(2013, October) The case against high-school sports. The Atlantic. Retrieved from http://theatlantic.com/ Singh, A., Uijtdewilligen, L., Twisk, J.W.R., van Mechelen, W., & Chinapaw, M.J.M. (2012). Physical activity and performance at school: A systematic review of the literature including a methodological quality assessment.
The Pressure to Succeed The Issue “Show me a good loser and I'll show you a loser,” Vince Lombardi once said. This saying could be the unsung anthem of American sports for children and teenagers. Everyone loves to win. In sports there is always competition. Is there too much emphasis on “the win” for kids and teens?
493–529 2011 AERA. http://rer.aera.net. Skinner E, Belmont M. Motivation in the classroom: Reciprocal effects of teacher behavior and student engagement across the school year. Journal of Educational Psychology 1993;85:571–581. Suldo, Shannon M., McMahan, Melanie M., Chappel, Ashley M., and Bateman, Lisa P. Evaluation of the Teacher-Student Relationship Inventory in American High School Students.
Factors affecting elementary school students’ participation in sports. (Special Issue on Sports and Physical Education). The Elementary School Journal, (5), 413. Couch, J.F., Lewis-Adler, K., & Burton, P.A., (2011). Successful Athletic Programs and Academic Achievement at High School: Substitutes Or Complements.
Men and women are psychologically different in many ways. Some of these differences include competitiveness, goal orientation, self-confidence, motivation, mental toughness, incentives, preferences, etc. According to Anne Bowker in Sports Participation and Self-Esteem, Men have an advantage over women in sports because they're more aggressive and have higher self-esteem (2003). There has always been that stereotype of boys being more athletic than girls. The gender segregation of sports reflects more than just physical differences between men and women.
2010; 80: 31-37. 2. What is the research question and/or purpose statement of study? What are the hypotheses? “The purpose of this study is to examine the associations between sports team participation, physical activity, and academic outcomes in middle and high school students.” (Fox, Barr-Anderson, Neumark-Sztainer & Wall, pg.