The Effects Of The Family On Delinquency

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Adolescents who engage in the onset of illegal acts have various problems in self-control, low self-esteem and maintaining even temperament. Many times they suffer from ODD, (Oppositional Defiant Disorder) (DeLisi, Angton, Behnken, and Kusow 59). They may come from dysfunctional families, have problems with disobedience, anti-social behavioral problems in the school setting and home environment with their family and peer social relationships (DeLisi, Angton, Behnken, and Kusow 59). Low socioeconomic status has an implied effect on parenting by the economic disadvantages and their impact on the emotional development of the adolescents (Barrett, Katsiyannis, Zhang, and Zhang 123). Adolescents may have been referred from Child Protective Services…show more content…
“Direct control is control imposed by discipline, restriction, and punishment whereas indirect control is the attachment or affection between the parents and child” (Seydlitz 175). According to research that was done by Wells and Rankin, these direct controls such as parental guidance, inhibit delinquency (Seydlitz 176). There is an age and gender difference in how parents apply direct and indirect control (Seydlitz 176). Age can be a factor that affects how a parent views behavior and the severity of conflict with the parent (Seydlitz 176). Hirschi’s social control theory maintains that adolescents are free to deviate from rules and expectations when they are oblivious to others (Seydlitz 176). Parent’s directly control their adolescents by monitoring time allowed away from home, their choice of friends, and the types of activities their children participate in (Seydlitz 176). Affection and attachment that an adolescent feels for their parents, influences whether they want to embarrass, hurt, or disappoint them by committing a delinquent act (Seydlitz