The Effects Of Smoking On The Risk Of Disease

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Smoking has been shown to increase the risk of disease. Studies have shown a link between cancer and smoking, heart disease and smoking, COPD/Lung diseases and smoking, and pregnant women/low birth weights/issues and smoking. Smoking damages DNA due to poisons found in the tobacco smoke. In turn, the damage can cause 15 various types of cancers. In fact, “9 out of 10 lung cancers are caused by smoking cigarettes” (CDC, 2016). Smoking lowers good HDL, raises triglyceride levels, increases the risk of blood clots, damages blood vessels, and the thickening of blood vessel walls. These negative effects increase the likelihood of developing heart disease. Just breathing in secondhand smoke can increase your risk of developing heart disease, stroke, or death as a result of tobacco exposure. Smoking is the number one cause of COPD and is a major factor in asthma, bronchitis, and lung disease. People with COPD have a difficult time eating or exercising due to breathing difficulties. Often, people with COPD must carry an oxygen tank with them in order to be able to even breathe. The carbon monoxide in tobacco smoke can cause problems to unborn babies. Tobacco use has contributed to cases of stillborn babies, contributes to low birth weights and weak infant lungs, and increases a baby’s risk for developing SIDS. Smoking while pregnant also increases complications during pregnancy. Since smoke and chemicals found in tobacco cause damage to DNA and cells, this damage to cells in turn causes swelling and inflammation. Cells cannot function properly. “Smoking also causes oxidative stress, a condition that occurs as chemicals from cigarette smoke combine with oxygen in the body” (CDC, 2016). It is believed the combina... ... middle of paper ... ...ancy/index.htm • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (US). (n.d.). Retrieved April 2, 2016, from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK53014/ • Cnn. (n.d.). A brief history of tobacco. Retrieved April 3, 2016, from http://edition.cnn.com/US/9705/tobacco/history/ • Dangers of Tobacco. (n.d.). Retrieved April 2, 2016, from http://www.tobacco-facts.info/dangers_of_tobacco.htm • HHS. (n.d.). Tobacco Facts and Figures. Retrieved April 3, 2016, from http://betobaccofree.hhs.gov/about-tobacco/facts-figures/index.html • National Cancer Institute. (n.d.). Smokeless Tobacco and Cancer. Retrieved April 5, 2016, from http://www.cancer.gov/about-cancer/causes-prevention/risk/tobacco/smokeless-fact-sheet • U.S. Food and Drug Administration. (n.d.). Retrieved April 2, 2016, from http://www.fda.gov/TobaccoProducts/Labeling/RulesRegulationsGuidance/ucm246129.htm

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