The Effects Of Sleep Deprivation On Children

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Introduction It is generally understood that getting enough sleep plays an important factor as people go through their day to day lives, nevertheless many people do not rank sleep as one of their top priorities. In many cases, people prefer to use the time spent on getting the proper amount of sleep on other activities such as finishing a report for work or doing some last minute studying for a midterm. However, reducing the amount of sleep one gets not only affects one’s academic performance, but their physical health as well. Using secondary sources from academic journals, as well as other peer-reviewed materials in the science of sleep medicine, this report outlines how academic performance and physical health is affected by chronic sleep deprivation. Chronic sleep deprivation has a negative influence on cognitive functions such as concentration and alertness, as well as memory, which can in return have a negative effect on a person’s ability to do well in school. Sleep deprivation also affects a person’s physical health because it increases their likelihood of being obese and developing Type 2 diabetes by altering their hormone levels and the way their bodies process glucose. What is Sleep Deprivation? Sleep deprivation, or the state of not getting enough sleep, is classified into two types: chronic and acute. Chronic sleep deprivation is when a person consistently does not get the required amount of sleep they need in a night. Acute sleep deprivation is when the person does not get enough sleep for a short period of time, an example of this would be not sleeping for an entire night. This report will mainly focus on the effects of chronic sleep deprivation. According to the National Sleep Foundation, the recommended amount... ... middle of paper ... ...ed a person is, the harder they will find it is to concentrate and take in information, as well as to remember that information. Sleep deprivation also affects which part of the brain is active during these three processes. According to Killgore, a different brain lobe is active when a well-rested person is processing new information when compared to someone who is sleep deprived. This purpose of this change in brain lobe activation is so the individual is able to maintain performance despite the lack of sleep (Killgore 2010, 117). That is because different parts of the brain are affected by sleep deprivation differently. Since the part of the brain that deals with memory processing and logical reasoning, the temporal lobe region, is most heavily influenced by sleep deprivation, the brain must make up for the lack of activity by relying on other parts of the brain.
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