jail, prison, or parole). Criminologist Todd Clear concludes, “the high incarceration rates in poor communities destabilize the social relationships in these places and help cause crime rather than prevent it” (Loury, 3). This is evident in that a child who is exposed to an imprisoned parent or sibling is higher than is the case for a child who is not exposed to incarceration. Loury, similar to Alexander, believes that all of these constructions have developed a social caste for the “millions of stigmatized, feared, and invisible people” (Loury, 5). Next, Loury goes one step further than Alexander.
This is an unfair policy that treats the same active ingredient different. This policy discriminates against blacks who received 81 percent of the crack cocaine sentences (Provine, 2007, p 4). An important predictor for crime and delinquency is family disruption and many black families are disrupted (Miller, J.,2008) Disrupted black families are majority ran by single mothers having fathers incarcerated or abandoning families. These families are are more likely than whites to be in impoverished neighborhoods filled with crime (Miller, J. (2008) with less institutional social and control like recreational centers, churches, and schools.
However, it seems to most often be a combination of both structural and individual flaws. The inner-city, black community is an example of this. Wilson provides a lot of evidence for the structural contributions to inner-city, black poverty; however, there are also many individual and cultural contributions. As stated previously, inner-city culture has considerably large high school dropout rates and drug use rates. Furthermore, African Americans contribute a disproportionally high amount to the crime rate, particularly in violent crimes and robbery (Federal Bureau of Investigation, 2012), which indicates problems in African American culture and contributes to poverty.
When parents are inattentive to their children because they are working in an effort to provide for their household or simply because of bad parenting, the environment is left to raise the child. It is extremely important to provide positive guidance to adolescences as a deterrent because deviance eventually results to involvement in criminal behaviors. In 2013, property crime and larceny-theft were the highest index of crimes. These two categories show that theft was both a reoccurring crime and major issue in Atlanta. According to a study conducted by Adam Atler of New York University, the feeling of being financially deprived causes individuals to steal.
This crime makes the world cold and scary and ruins the lives of the victims. There are a few different types of rape, yet they all have the same effects on the victims. As often as this occurs in the world we live in today, rape is the easiest charge to make yet the most difficult to prove. “At least five rapes have been reported in Clarksville in the last six months. Although many of the cases have suspects listed, there have been arrests made in only one case (Thacker).” This is potentially enough time for the rapist, who has not been found yet, to rape a frightening number of other women.
But the same can be said for the wealthy in this country. Look at the economic collapse as well the actions of the board of directors at WorldCom and Enron. But poverty can creates special circumstances that lead to crime. Crime offers a way in which people stuck in a life of poverty can obtain material goods that they cannot often attain through any available legitimate means (Taylor, 2006). Often threat or force is used to help them acquire even more goods, this induces them to commit violent acts such as robbery, which is the second most common violent crime (Taylor, 2006).
Correlating Crime and Unemployment: Scholars have often debated the primary causes of criminal behavior and its correlation to economic factors. It is hypothesized than an unemployed person may resort to illegal methods to obtain money due to a lack of unemployment opportunities. Several studies have targeted the unemployment rate as having an adverse effect on the increase of crime rate. Researchers have observed the rates of property crime, violent crime, and motor-vehicle crime in order to determine the potential of a correlation between crime and unemployment (Aaltonen, Macdonald, Martikainen, & Kivivuori, 2013; Kleck, G., & Chiricos, T. 2002; Sookram, S., Basdeo, M., Sumesar-Rai, K., & Saridakis, G. 2010). It has been proposed by researchers that unemployment may affect repeat offenders and first-time offenders differently (D'Alessio, S., Stolzenberg, L., & Eitle, D. 2014) Studies show that an unemployed person may be prone to criminal behavior through the promotion of deviant values.
Unless it is a huge scandal, you will seldom hear of white collar crime through the media. When white collar crime is reported, it gets little publicity compared to a gang shoot-out that killed a mother and her three kids. There is a reason for this. Since violent street crime is predominantly an urban problem, there is no better scapegoat than the lower class that live in these inner-city communities. Since urban communities are concentrated with people of color, the image of minorities soon becomes that of a criminal.
Normally, if a part of society will not be able to cater to the basic needs like housing... ... middle of paper ... ...ould be only a small percentage of the poor people that engage themselves in committing crimes (Silberman, 1978). In addition, it is the continued act of crimes that will cause poverty since it involves continually depriving individuals of property and other ownership. Conclusion To sum it up, I still hold that the increasing crimes in the society have been due to the conditions of poverty in various parts of the country. From the statistics, it is evident that it is in the poor neighborhoods that many types of crimes are realized to have occurred in large numbers. Poverty is mainly as a result of many factors and all these have to find a way for survival through committing crimes (Crowther & Campling, 2000).
Crime can be defined as “an act or the commission of an act that is forbidden or the omission of a duty that is commanded by a public law and that makes the offender liable to punishment by that law; especially: a gross violation of law” (Merriam Webster). In simpler terms, any act of breaking the law is committing a crime. Southie, Boston is full of crime as crime is the most prevalent social problem found in the town. Crime is the biggest contributor to the overall poor conditions of the neighborhood. The majority of the crimes committed in Southie are in the form of drugs.