The Effects Of Population Growth

argumentative Essay
923 words
923 words

Demography is the study of the human population (Macionis, 2013). One part of demography is looking at the effects population growth has, and figuring out how we can control them. The first factor in population change is fertility. Fertility is measured by the crude birth rate, which is an equation determining how many live children are born annually per 1,000 people in a population. While the crude birth rate does not take individual factors of a specific population into account, it is easy to use and gives a rough estimate. The second factor is mortality. The crude death rate is used to calculate this, and is the same formula as the crude birth rate – how many times it occurs in a year per 1,000 people in a population. The infant mortality …show more content…

In this essay, the author

  • Explains that demography is the study of the human population. the first factor in population change is fertility, followed by mortality, and migration.
  • Explains that urbanization is the growth of population in cities, and it can cause the size of the city to change.
  • Analyzes the effects of population change from a structural-functional point of view.
  • Concludes that there are many views to consider on population growth and environmental changes, and recommends "homo sapiens – an appraisal of modern humans" by rajan jaisinghani.

Growth is important in a society. If all the people meeting specific needs get too old to work or dies, there would be no one to take over that particular function. However, extreme growth could be a major problem and would be considered a latent dysfunction. The same could be said for environmental effects – some are to be expected and cannot be avoided, but too much would cause problems in the functioning of the population. Social conflict theory would view the problem with population growth as lying in the distribution of goods and unequal consumption. If everyone were using energy, water, food, and the like with the same careful consumption, there would be no problem with a larger population. However, some people, particularly those living in poverty, consume less and will still face the environmental issues that can arise, while the rich and powerful use too much and cause more problems. If the people that use more would act more socially responsible, there would be enough to sustain a population growth. Symbolic interaction theory would focus on the perception of the people in society and their views on things that affect the population growth and environmental changes. One example would be the contribution of having a large family to population growth, which could be prevented by birth control. However,

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