The Effects Of Obesity On Adult Body Mass Index

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Psychological stress and obesity XiaJing(gillian) Obesity is a global issue that happened in the most countries around the world, and it has been rising dramatically over the last several decades. A common method of measuring obesity or overweight people uses the body mass index (BMI). Generally, BMI between 25 and 29.9kg/m2 can be defined overweight, and obesity usually considered as BMI over or equal to 30kg/m2. For Asian and Pacific Island populations, the points of BMI would be cut off to overweight in 23.0 kg/m2 and obesity in 25.0 kg/m2 (Caveney et al., 2011). On 12 May in 2016, the Lancet published a report about trends in adult body-mass index in 200 countries from 1975 to 2014. This report showed over 39 years the BMI in both men and women have been increased approximately 2.4kg/m2. In other words, the global population becomes 6kg heavier on average in 2015 than 1975. Over the past 39 years, obese people have gradually exceeded the underweight people (BMI30kg/m2 or more or BMI>27kg/m2 with at least one obesity-related disease (diabetes, hypertension, obstructive sleep apnea, etc) (Caveney et al., 2011). Oude (2009) demonstrated that drug treatment has better efficacy than lifestyle treatment after six-month study. In addition, Orlistat, which used in pharmaceutical obesity prevention to prevent fat absorbed in the gastrointestinal tract, could lead to reducing weight between 4kg or 10kg over one year in randomized clinical trials (Douglas et al., 2015). Nowadays, orlistat is the only drug with the license available in China and Europe, and it approved by both government agency for sale without the prescription. However, the safety and side effect of this drugs also should be carefully considered. Although orlistat can... ... middle of paper ... ... 465–485. Statistics on obesity, physical activity and diet - England, 2016 [NS] (2016) NHS Digital. Available at: http://digital.nhs.uk/catalogue/PUB20562 (Accessed: 7 August 2016). Trends in adult body-mass index in 200 countries from 1975 to 2014: A pooled analysis of 1698 population-based measurement studies with 19·2 million participants (2016) The Lancet, 387(10026), pp. 1377–1396. Vicennati, V., Pasqui, F., Cavazza, C., Pagotto, U. and Pasquali, R. (2009) ‘Stress-related development of obesity and Cortisol in women’, Obesity, 17(9), pp. 1678–1683. Weigensberg, M.J., Joy Lane, C., Winners, O., Wright, T., Nguyen-Rodriguez, S., Goran, M.I. and Spruijt-Metz, D. (2009) ‘Acute effects of stress-reduction interactive guided imagery SM on salivary Cortisol in overweight Latino adolescents’, The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, 15(3), pp. 297–303.
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