The Effects Of Mass Incarceration In Canada

1466 Words6 Pages
As more people continue to be imprisoned, mass incarceration is at risk. It has nothing but negative effects on societies and communities around the globe due to the fact that it leads to the substitutions of imprisonment to be underutilized, such as rehabilitation programs (Kruttschnitt, 2007). Canada’s conservative government’s Safe Streets and Communities Act has already shown a negative effect in the Canadian society. Therefore, rather than Bill C-10 achieving it’s goal in making the Canadian communities safer, it is accomplishing the opposite. Instead of focusing on incarceration and punishment, the Canadian Legal System should adapt more laws around the notion of rehabilitation and the reintegrating youth into society.
REHABILITATION
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Robert Knight, a psychology professor at UC Burkeley studied the neurological differences between youth and adult brains in relation to the law. This concept greatly affects the way the brain is affected when incorporated with punishment and or rehabilitation. Knight expresses the fact that this is an essential issue with enormous social implications. This study, the Law and Neuroscience Project is headquartered at UC Santa Barbara includes scientists and legal experts from universities all around the United States and Canada (Tompa, 2008). It identifies the differences between the adult and youth brain in order to express the notion that adults and youths need to be sentenced differently. There are a variety of neurological differences between the adult and youth brains. A well known difference is the fact that juvenile’s characteristics are not yet fixed (Tompa, 2008). This means that their personality traits are more transitory and less fixed leading to the notion that their personality is still a work in progress and still developing. An individual’s personality developed as a result of the physical environment they are in, their culture and certain experiences. As youths tend to spend more time in custodial centers, they will ascertain unwanted traits that will highly influence their personality (Tompa, 2008). Therefore, if youth are placed in custodial centers while their personalities are still under development, they will learn and most likely reinforce criminal behavior. Children have a lack of maturity and an underdeveloped sense of responsibility leading to reckless-ness, impulsivity and excessive risk taking thus, their actions should not be judged the same as an adults. A child’s character is not as well formed as an adult. Youth’s traits are not fully established and their actions are less likely to
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