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The Effects Of Inccarceration On The Criminal Justice System

analytical Essay
1662 words
1662 words
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Reformation on Criminal Justice System

United States of America is governed by set of rules and regulations that sentences, defends, prosecutes and punishes individuals convicted of crime. Without this system, the world will be difficult to live. That is why a critical look must be undertaken to make sure individuals convicted or suspected of crime are put in their right places. The current criminal justice system has been known to incarcerate individuals who after serving their time ends up back to prison or more often engage in the same offense that ended them up in prison (Lehrer 26). Most mentally disabled inmates are kept under little or no supervision and live with inmates who has no mental illness. Others are locked up with these mentally …show more content…

In this essay, the author

  • Argues that a critical look must be undertaken to make sure individuals convicted or suspected of crime are put in their right places.
  • Explains that the criminal justice system must embark on the isolation of inmates. recreational and educational activities will keep them busy enough to focus on what’s best for them rather than engaging in unnecessary behaviors.
  • Argues that reform on america's correctional system will be effective if inmates with mental issues are isolated from those without mental problems.
  • Argues that the correctional system should not allow inmates convicted of crime to be put in solitary confinement for such a long period in the name of punishing them for their wrongful behaviors.
  • Argues that isolating inmates has always been the best for their fellow prisoners and society in general. long-term isolation will only do harm to themselves and the public should they serve their time and leave prison.
  • Explains that the justice system has caused lots of problems to individuals, families, and the general public. isolating inmates with mental issues from those without will help fix our broken systems and punish wrongdoers momentarily.

This does not help individuals morally and emotionally because they lack social interactions with other peers and rarely engage in any physical activities. The effects of solitary confinement differs from state to state as well as their current statuses regarding crime and or who runs that specific city. For instance in Coates’ section 6 and 7 of his article, “The Black Family in the Age of Mass Incarceration,” he discusses a story about Odell Newton who had served a little over four decades in solitary confinement hoping to be released and freed but his freedom was snatched away because the program work release had been cancelled due to a convicted murderers escape while visiting his son. His life eventually was dependent on Maryland’s governance who determined who’s qualified for parole even after Supreme Courts’ ruling, the city managed to take some laws into their own hands. Coate further explains, “Parole for lifers declined after Marvin Mandel’s last term ended in 1979…” which means the city’s parole for lifers were dependent upon their government. Also, Alexandra emphasized in her article, “What 28-Years of Solitary Confinement Does to the Mind” long years of solitary confinement breeds life-long effects on inmates. She explains Dr. Terry Kupers, a professor in Berkeley California who interviews individuals in solitary confinement stated the effects vary from person to person but there are some basic symptoms amongst most inmates. Dr. Terry discussed some in their first three months experience high anxiety that causes panic attack, anger, paranoia that causes disordered thinking. This and many others he explained were severe effects of long term

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