Agent orange is an extremely toxic chemical known for having harmful health effects on individuals exposed to the toxin. An individual that is exposed can see nearly immediate effects from a disease called Chloracne which is a skin disease that causes a rash and acne to appear.(“Public Health”). This can cause insecurities among soldiers with minor cases but in major cases it can cause long lasting effects such as permanent scars and and cysts. Chloracne is unfortunately a very minor disease caused by Agent Orange. Some of the more harmful and longer last diseases of Agent Orange are Parkinson’s disease, different types of cancers, and Porphyria Cutanea Tarda, which is a disorder that causes liver dysfunction and thinning and blistering of the skin in sun exposed areas.(“Public Health”) Disorders such as these and cancers caused by Agent Orange are effecting the lives of the U.S. veterans that have been exposed. An estimate of 200,000 Vietnam veterans have died due to the toxic chemical of Agent Orange, but the government refuses to give compensation to those in need of treatment from the Vietnam war. (“Many Veterans Suffering…”)The United States government has done very little to help these veteran...
Between 2.1 and 4.5 million Vietnamese civilians lived in in the areas where the dioxin was sprayed at the time, there were also 2.8 million U.S. that were exposed to the dioxin. These numbers do not include the U.S, civilians who traveled through, Vietnamese who worked on base and who were exposed after the war. This also doesn’t include many more of the U.S. and Vietnamese civilians that were exposed to the dioxin. “The Vietnamese Red Cross estimates that up to three million Vietnamese have suffered health effects from dioxin exposure, of whom at least 150,000 are children with birth defects. The U.S. government provides health care and compensation on a humanitarian basis to Vietnam veterans suffering from any condition on a list of illnesses associated with Vietnam service. No studies have yet documented the extent of possible Agent Orange/dioxin-related health effects among these 1.4 million people.” (Make argent orange history).
Dioxin, what was created in the mixture of hormones, has been proven to be very dangerous and poisonous. In lab tests, Agent Orange has given animals cancer and causes birth effects. This is also thought to be true in humans, as many veterans complain about things like; cancer, birth defects, liver infections, tumors, elevated blood pressure, blood deficiency, enlarged head, club feet and many other illnesses. Although it hasn’t been proven 100% sure that Agent Orange is the cause for this, it is the one linking factor for all the people involved.
Abstract: This paper exposes the social injustices to Americans and to Vietnamese resulting from spraying of Agent Orange during the Vietnam Conflict. American Vietnam Veterans and many Vietnamese citizens have struggled with the United States Government for due reparations from the devastation of Agent Orange that has shattered their lives. Veterans have demanded compensation for this injustice through lawsuits and government allocations while the Vietnamese want the United States to clean up their dioxin-contaminated land and waterways. The United States has denied responsibility and the battle continues as veterans and the Vietnamese challenge the United States to accept its wrongdoing. This paper provides the evidence that the US government knowingly sprayed innocent people without warning. Based on the treatment of US military personnel, this paper argues that a major international effort will be required to force the US Government to assist in responding to the Vietnamese crisis.
Agent orange was the chemical that was dropped over Vietnam in the late 1960’s. It was not until the 1970’s that the use of Agent Orange finally ceased. These chemicals were used for two general purposes; one of these was to kill the plants and trees in the jungle to uncover the North Vietnamese armies. The jungles of Vietnam were very thick, so the armies could not be seen from an aerial view. The Americans tried to eliminate this element of surprise attack by destroying the jungles. Another reason Agent Orange was used, was to destroy the enemy’s food supplies. Agent orange was potent enough to contaminate all the farmland of the North Vietnamese. The Americans figured that if they could destroy the enemy’s food supply, then the war would not last very long. Agent orange was a dangerous chemical mixed together to create a different kind of weapon and means of attack for the Americans.
For the long term effects and history of Agent Orange, the United States, I believe has become wary of the types of defoliants that it will use in future operations, due to the negativity that has surrounded its past. With the use of military defoliants deemed as a class of chemical warfare by the international community, I don’t think the United States will use them without the explicit permission of whatever host nation they may be assisting. For the health effects of Agent Orange, time will tell if the dioxin will be passed from generation to generation or stop after the initial mutations. Hopefully, science and medicine can will help the people exposed and give them assistance they request and want.
Agent Orange which is also known as orange herbicide was used during the Vietnam War by the United States as an strategy to expose their enemies and deny them the access to food (Department of Veteran’s Affairs 2013). The use of agent orange brought a lot of devastating effects such as health risks and damage to the environment such as loss of biodiversity in the forests of Vietnam. The purpose of this essay is the health and environmental effects caused by the toxic component TCDD, which agent orange contains. This essay will discuss the toxicity of the chemical structure of Agent Orange and the intended consequences of its use. Finally, it will discuss the unintended consequences of its use and its long term effects.
"Veterans and Agent Orange: Health Effects of Herbicides Used in Vietnam." Veterans and Agent Orange: Health Effects of Herbicides Used in Vietnam. N.p., 1994. Web. 3 Apr. 2011. .
The environment was severely affected by the bombings the United States America carried out. “In the north, 29 of the 30 provincial capitals had sustained heavy bombing damage, one third of them almost utterly destroyed.”( alphahistory.com) These bombing had severely impacted farming, industrial and infrastructure. America dropped more bombs in North Vietnam than it had done in Japan during World War two. An estimated 65,000 North Vietnamese were killed by the bombings. In order to clear vegetation, America dropped a variety of chemicals and chemical compounds onto the Vietnamese land. These chemicals did not just have devastating effects on the land, but also the people. Agent Orange was a chemical defoliant sprayed by the US program, ‘Operation Ranch Hand’ it had “sprayed more than 19 million gallons of herbicides over 4.5 million acres of land in Vietnam from 1961 to 1972.”(History.com, 2011). When the program stopped spraying these herbicides is estimated that 3 million soldiers and civilians had already been exposed. The spraying of these herbicides ceased when veterans who had been exposed to Agent Orange returned to the United States and reported signs of skin rashes, cancer, birth defects in children and other medical issues. Studies of the effects of Agent Orange have linked chemicals in agent orange to soft tissue sarcoma, lung and other respiratory cancers, prostate cancers, brain tumours,