It is like the saying one man's terrorist is another man's freedom fighter. People become terrorists usually because there is something missing in their lives. For instance, they may start out by feeling they've been treated unfairly and they are targeted by organizations that take advantage of their displeasure. Regularly they are brainwashed you might say, into seeing the enemy as faceless and evil justifying the o... ... middle of paper ... ... Frustration Aggression Hypothesis of violence is prominent in the literature.
The United States Department of Defence defines terrorism as… The calculated use of violence or the threat of violence to inculcate fear; intended to coerce or to intimidate governments or societies in the pursuit of goals that are generally political, religious or ideological. Terrorism, then, is a type of political crime that makes use of murder and destruction or the threat of such violence in order to promote change. It is a specific kind of calculated violence with a selected target. Targets can include individuals, groups, communities, or governments. In most cases, excessive violence is used against innocent people which creates a fear that the terrorist can use for coercive purposes.
1. There are many definitions of terrorism. Some of them are: Brain Jenkins said that terrorism is the use or threatened use of force designed to bring about political change. While Walter Lacqueur said that terrorism constitutes the illegitimate use of force to achieve apolitical objective by targeting innocent people. Yet another definition comes from Edward Herman, who said that terrorism should be defined by terms of state repression, such as the corrupt Latin American governments.
Terrorism is a type of violence used tactically in peace, conflict, and war. The threat of terrorism is ever present, and an attack is likely to occur when least expected. In trying to find out what factors can cause an individual to choose terrorism, it is first necessary to define what terrorism is. The Department of Defense defines terrorism as “the calculated use of violence or threat of violence to inculcate fear; intended to coerce or to intimidate governments or societies in the pursuit of goals that are generally political, religious, or ideological.” Per the definition, the terrorists are not giving into a whim of random acts, but these individuals are using calculated moves in order to achieve the purpose of the group. Simply put, this suggests that these individuals are making a conscious choice for violence.
The American definition of terrorism is “a premeditated and unlawful act in which groups or agents of some principal engage in a threatened or actual use of force or violence against human property targets. These groups or agents engage in this behavior intending the purposeful intimidation of governments or people to affect policy or behavior with an underlying political objective” (Martin, 2014). There are several explanations as to why terrorism occurs and why one would choose to partake in such acts of violence. According to the sociological approach, terrorism is group-based and chosen by powerless groups as the only viable option. Structural theories of revolution point out that flaws in state structures allow for the possibility of rebellion.
Is war the right way? Why do people resort to such violent acts as bombing, assassinations, and hi-jacking? How do individuals and organizations justify these acts of terror? These acts can be described as terrorist actions. Terrorism is a growing international problem.
7)Terrorism is a terrible deed, sometimes committed in the name of a not so terrible cause. I feel terrorists use their cause to gain the sympathy of the people, the masses can add to success of a terrorist groups cause. Compromising values to achieve a goal is wrong, many terrorists act because their human rights were disturbed, what are they doingwhen they take hostages? Sometimes the cause is good but the method is always wrong if terrorism is resorted to.
There may not be a true definition of what terrorism really is however it is apparent that terrorism is an act over political or militant issues. Terrorism is made to place fear in people, it is made to create fear in a person or a group of people to make a change in the environment. Psychological warfare is a term that terrorism can be related to in the sense that it is purposely placed into the mind of people creating fear and psychologically causing chaos. Some may confuse terrorism with guerilla warfare but the true definition of guerilla warfare is the use of selective violence against military targets by insurgency forces. Surely, when different societies experience vast violence, the difference between the two can be quite mixed up (Payne, (2013) pg92).
The impact of Terrorism Terrorism has and is changing the world. The U.S. government describes terrorism as “premeditated, politically motivated violence perpetrated against noncombatant targets by subnational groups or clandestine agents” (Gupta12). The implications of terrorism go beyond the casualties. Terrorism has evolved drastically; the ramifications of these unjustifiable acts of terror have and are having a great impact in our everyday lives. A single act of terror can strike fear and gloom into an entire country.
Acts Constitute Terrorism? Implications for Counter-terrorism Policy. I think the U.S could be accused of terrorist acts, we are consider bullies and aggressive by many. The bombing in Japan could easily be considered a terrorist act, which essentially inflicted fear into many people. We probably have committed many acts and will commit acts of terror; it will always somehow be justified between the governments.