The Effect of the Civil War on the Citizens on the Home Front

explanatory Essay
1978 words
1978 words

The Civil War is commonly known as a war that was fought over slavery but it began as a war that was fought in hopes of keeping the Union alive. The war was caused by the growing separation of the industrial north and the agricultural south brought on by the market revolution, the urbanization of the American society, the major political battles between the northern and southern delegates, the issue of slavery, and the issue of western expansion (Kelly). The effect that the Civil War had on the civilians was unforeseen and the way that the civilians, especially the women and children, reacted to this new atmosphere was unprecedented. The war started on April 12, 1861 with the Confederate attack on Fort Sumter in South Carolina, the Confederates surrendered on April, 9, 1865 and in May of 1865 the war was finally over and the Nation was again united as one. But during the four years of war the effect on the non-soldier citizens of America was devastating (Gavin). In the Southern states the citizens under the Confederation were affected by the war more profoundly than their Northern counterparts; their farms were destroyed by the massive amount of troops that crossed through their land, their fences were demolished, their animals were taken to help feed the army and their homes were overtaken and made into officers’ quarters. However, their first encounter with the trials of war came with the deployments of their male family members. The men in the Confederate army were away from their home and their families for years and the separation took a toll on those left behind leaving the women to assume roles that were normally filled by the men, such as managing the plantations and harvesting the crops, all while dealing with th... ... middle of paper ...>. Kelly, Martin. 2014. 11 April 2014 . Middle Tennesse State University. "Women and the Civil War." Teaching with Primary Sources. n.d. Middle Tennessee State University. "The Home Front During the Civil War." Teaching with Primary Sources. n.d. Schwartz, Marcie. Civil War Trust: Saving America's Civil War Battlefields. 2014. 30 April 2014 . “Battlefield Tragedy, 1862” EyeWitness to History, (1999) Goshen, W. "The Wounded Soldier." Harper's Weekly 21 Oct. 1861, 254 ed.: 706. Print. Taylor, A.M. “Family life During the Civil War.” Encyclopedia Virginia. Virginia Foundation for the Humanities, 6 Feb. 2012. Web. 22 Apr. 2014

In this essay, the author

  • Explains that the civil war began as a war that was fought in hopes of keeping the union alive. it was caused by the market revolution, urbanization of the american society, major political battles between the northern and southern delegates, the issue of slavery, and western expansion.
  • Explains the effects of the war on the non-soldier citizens of america. the southern states were affected more profoundly than their northern counterparts.
  • Explains how the south's civil war was different from what the citizens could have imagined. the sounds of cannons and the cries of the wounded from nearby battles shook citizens to their core.
  • Describes how they're wounded, effie, and they say they never can get well. it seems to them like ages, yet it's only a month to-day since you promised that you'd wait for me though i were years away.
  • Opines that the sunlight of to-morrow will fall upon them dead. there'll be one soldier less to fight, one less on earth to love.
  • Opines that they have a mother in the skies and wonder if she'll know the little baby that she left so many years ago.
  • Explains how the home front in the south was constantly under threat, with guerrilla raids harassing non-soldier citizens, and troops housed in homes and bars.
  • States taylor, a.m., “family life during the civil war.” encyclopedia virginia, virginia foundation for the humanities, 6 feb. 2012.
  • Explains that women in the civil war played a very important role despite the common conception that their role was less than significant.
  • Describes how children on the civil war home front encountered trails, hardships, and violence that forced them to mature rapidly in a nation that was at war with itself.
  • Describes how the civil war tore families apart in many ways.
  • Explains that middle tennessee state university's "the home front during the civil war." schwartz, marcie.
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