Several studies have documented that lifestyle intervention is the capable one to reduce body weight in obese people. Diabetes Prevention Program4 did a comparison of weight loss percentage by giving lifestyle intervention, placebo, and metformin to obese people. The result stated that after four years, lifestyle intervention which is the combination of dietary modification, physical activity, and behavior therapy gives more significant weight loss by 58% compared to placebo and 39% compared to metformin. In Look AHEAD study,10 it examined the effect of intensive lifestyle modification on obese, type 2 diabetic people. After a year, those who were given intensive lifestyle modification lost weight up to 8.6% from initial body weight.
Last outpatient serum creatinine if available and serum creatinine on a... ... middle of paper ... ... in two groups by treatment modality used, dialysis or conservative treatment. 72 (75.8%) patients required dialysis, while remaining 23 (24.2%) were managed conservatively. 47 (65.3%) remained on dialysis for < 2 weeks, and 25 (34.7%) remained dialysis dependent for > 2 weeks (2-6 weeks). Outcome of study is shown in figure 1. 62 (67.39%) patients recovered, 14 (15.21%) became dialysis dependent and 16 (17.39%) died.
Maintaining cholesterol in the recommend range has been shown eliminate 20,000 myocardial infarctions and 8,000 deaths each year. Saving money is not as important as life saving tactics, but studies suggest that controlled cholesterol could reduce billions of health care costs that are related to elevated cholesterol levels annually (CDC, 2011). Elevated cholesterol levels are associated with limited access to health care; therefore looking into areas of lifestyle changes for health care benefits that are low cost and effective would be valuable (CDC, 2011). Description of Search: The process used in searching for articles started in CINA... ... middle of paper ... ...the study the participants had to be female and obtain permission from a doctor to clear them for physical activity. The setting was semi-naturalistic.
If no weight loss occurs after one month of use, the patient and doctor must re-evaluate this drug therapy.. There have been several studies which attempt illustrate the potential weight loss for denfexfluramine users. Interneuron Pharmaceuticals of Lexington, Massachussettes reported that denfexfluramine helped 40 percent of people studied lose up to 10 percent of body weight -- double the amount of weight lost through diet alone (Seachrist 358).
The fact is, 95% of dieters will regain the weight they lost in 1 to 5 years (National association for weight loss surgery paragraph 32). In these cases, should a person who is overweight subject themselves to weight loss surgery, also known as bariatric surgery, which come with their own set of dangers and side effects? In this essay I wish to discover if the benefits of weight loss surgery outweigh the potential risks. According to the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, 20% of patients who undergo any weight loss surgey experience complications in some form (National association for weight loss surgery paragraph 15). There are many types of weight loss surgeries, adjustable gastric banding, also known as a lap band, has had its share of success by providing an average of 40% excess weight loss in the first year and has helped to resolve type 2 diabetes (Welch, paragraph 3).
After the first year the reduction in blood pressure was significant: 6 mm Hg in the systolic blood pressure of the participants who were taking anti-hypertensive medication and 7mmHg in the non-medication group. In this study , the magnitude of the reduction of systolic blood pressure as a result of a walking programme is similar to that which has been found in earlier studies in response to traditional exercise (see Seals et al,1997, and Hagberg et al, 2000). Frequency Several studies have examined the impact of the frequency of walking per week on blood pressure in order to determine what frequency is most effective in terms of blood pressure reduction response. A study by Gettman et al, conducted in 1976, which compared the effect of fast walking between one, three and five days per week on blood pressure response, found that the difference in frequency was no... ... middle of paper ... ...ffect on systolic blood pressure only. Lee et al (2010) found that moderate to high intensity waking was more likely to decrease blood pressure than low intensity walking.
If it increases then your brain signals your pancreas to secrete more insulin, which brings your blood sugar back down but by converting the excess sugar to stored fat. Indeed, several trails have suggested that low GI-diets provide specific benefits for weight loss and cardiovascular risk reduction by regulation food intake (Abete 2008). Philippou compared the effects of low GI index and high GI diets on heart disease factors and weight loss. It was a 12 week parallel study of the diets at Hammersmith Hospital. 18 participants were selected through advertisement of the study and 14 completed the study.
Sarcopenia is a degenerative disease frequently associated with the age-related loss of muscle mass and strength. Risk of sarcopenia increases at a rate of 3-8% per decade after age 30 and continues to accelerate after the fifth decade of life (1, 616; 2, 1). Contributing factors of muscle degeneration include: sedentary lifestyle, malnutrition, reduced protein turnover rate, lowered insulin response, inflammatory changes, and decreased anabolic hormone production (3, 1073). Dietary protein is essential in order to build muscle and avoid loss of lean body mass (4, 686). Evidence indicates increased protein intake above the RDA of 0.8 g/kg per day in older adults will increase the anabolic response of muscle (3, 1073).
Dieters and Doctors alike could benefit from long-term studies reporting on safety and weight loss after a year or more. In 2003, there were three trials reporting on the long-term effectiveness and side effects of the Atkins diet. These studies followed obese dieters who were following the Atkins low-carbohydrate diet. The results were then compared to the standard low-fat diet, which has been recommended by doctors for years. From the results of these studies we must decide if weight loss equals health and what should be considered acceptable risk?
According to the American Medical Association, being obese means that 30% of your ideal body weight is constituted by fat. As a general idea, the American Dietetic Association provides these thresholds for obese weight. Certain stipulations, such as muscle content and build would alter the given thresholds. In Feet and Inches In Pounds 5’ 153 5’3 169 5’6 186 5’9 203 6’ 221 6’3 240 Obesity occurs when a person has a greater caloric intake than he or she burns during that day (Hwang 1999). David F. Williamson of The New England Journal of Medicine (1999) states that doctors need to encourage greater weight loss in obese patients due to the fact “…that obese people are twice as likely to die from any cause as ... ... middle of paper ... ... United States.” Journal of the American Medical Association 282 October 13, 1999: 1316.