The Effect of Audio Multitasking and Visual Multitasking on an Individual's Memory.

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Multitasking is an idea that many people believe saves time and helps complete tasks in a shorter amount of time. However, theory suggests that by doing the same type of multitasking tasks, it would be too strenuous to remember what you just did since both activities were almost the same. This research paper aims to evaluate how the same type of multitasking affects the memory of humans. Data from twenty-seven people were collected in which they had to perform two types of multitasking activities and take a test to see how much they could remember. Results show that most participants scored lower test scores on the audio multitasking test compared to the visual multitasking test and that the female participants obtained a test average higher than the male participants with the females scoring about 20% out of 100 higher than the males. Furthermore people find audio multitasking to be harder to process and remember what just happened compared to visual multitasking. The effect of audio multitasking and visual multitasking on an individual's memory. People often feel as if they don’t have much time. To solve this, many people multi-task to complete several tasks at once. The definition of multitasking by most people would be, “performing two or more tasks at once,” which is generally the idea. The definition of multitasking according to Merriam-Webster is the performance of multiple tasks at one time. Multitasking often is a complex process and can use different parts of the brain, for example, a telephone operator needs to be able to talk to a client while working on the computer and that requires the occipital and temporal lobe of the brain. However, relatively little is known about multitasking, why people do it, and the eff... ... middle of paper ... ...Journal of Medicine., 49(3), 215-222. doi: 10.1016/j.ajme.2012.11.002 Ophir, E., Nass, C., & Wagner, A. D. (2009). Cognitive control in media multitaskers. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 106(37), 15583-15587. doi: 10.1073/pnas.0903620106 Sanbonmatsu, D. M., Strayer, D. L., Medeiros-Ward, N., & Watson, J. M. (2013). Who multi-tasks and why? Multi-tasking ability, perceived multi-tasking ability, impulsivity, and sensation seeking. PLoS One., 8(1), e55402. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0054402 Shih, S. (2013). A null relationship between media multitasking and well-being. PLoS One., 8(5), e64508. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0064508 Thompson, K. R., Johnson, A. M., & Rizzo, M. (2012). Distracted driving in elderly and middle-aged drivers. Accident Analysis and Prevention., 45(2), 711-717. doi: 10.1016/j.aap.2011.09.040

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