The Effect of Age, Gender and Social Habits on Taste Absolute Threshold

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Abstract An individual’s taste sensitivity is influenced by many aspects such as gender, age and social habits like smoking. To investigate what could have an impact on an individual’s taste ability, psychology students conducted an experiment on 595 non diabetic participants. In the experiment, participants were asked to taste 8 different water-sugar solutions with different sugar strength, then were asked to state whether the solution had sugar in it or not. As hypothesised, female participants were more able to detect the sugar in the solution than male participants, also, non-smokers were able to get a higher hit rate than smokers. These findings suggest that the sense of taste is affected by each individual’s gender and whether he/she is a smoker. The Effect of Age, Gender and Social Habits on Taste Absolute Threshold People vary in sensitivity to certain tastes depending on many aspects. The sense of taste is affected by different factors such as a person’s age, gender and social influence and habits (Weiten, 2010). The influence of ageing on taste perception has been investigated in a large number of studies; most of these studies have shown decreases in taste sensitivity with age (Murphy, 1979, 1986) (Rolls and Drewnowski, 1996). Furthermore, Social habits such as smoking have been known to decrease taste perception. According to research, smokers precept certain tastes differently than non smokers, the mean taste threshold for bitter was significantly higher in smokers than in non smokers. (L.H. Krut, M. B.m Ch.B., 1961). Looking at another factor, gender affects taste sensitivity, females have shown higher sensitivity to certain tastes than men (Weiten, 2010). Also, Cohen and Gitman (1959) found that men had a hi... ... middle of paper ... more findings. Works Cited Cohen, T. And Gitman, L. (1959) Oral coplaints and taste preception in the aged. J. Gerontol. Gerontology, Academic Press, San Diago, CA, Vol.1. L.H. Krut, M. B.m Ch.B. (1961). Taste peception in smokers and Non Smokers. British Medical Journal , 384 -386. Murphy, C. (1986) Taste and smell in the elderly. In Meiselmann, H.L and Rivlin, R.S. (eds), Clinical Measurements of Taste and Smell. Macmillan, New York. Murphy, C. (1979) The effects of age on taste sensitivity. In Han, S.S. and Coons, D.H (eds), Special senses in aging. University of Ann Arbor, Institute of Geronology, Ann Arbor, Ml. Rolls, B.A and Drewnowski, A. (1996) Diet and nutrition. In Birren, J.E. (ed.), Encyclopedia of Gerontology, Academic Press, San Diego, CA, Vol. 1. Weiten, W. (2010). Psychology: themes and variations (8th ed.). Wadsworth: cengage learning.

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