The Effect Of Student Engagement On Academic Performance

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Introduction/Purpose A major concern for teachers and policy makers is the lack of student engagement in schools (Lee, 2014). When students are disengaged, they are more likely to struggle academically, drop out of school and have behavior issues (Lee, 2014). However, enhancing student engagement could prevent these poor outcomes. The purpose of this study is “to examine the effect of student engagement on academic performance using U.S data from the Program for International Student Assessment (PISA) 2000” (Lee, 2014, p.177). For the purposes of this study, student engagement includes behavioral and emotional components. Behavioral engagement is defined as effort and perseverance, and refers to behaviors at school such as positive conduct, involvement in learning and participation in school-related activities (Lee, 2014, p.177). Emotional engagement refers to affective reactions and having a sense of belonging at school. For example, this may include students feeling interested or bored, or being happy, sad or anxious towards school, work and people at school. Also, “a sense of belonging refers to feeling accepted, included, respected, and/or valued by people at school” (Lee, 2014, p.178). Lee (2014) hypothesizes that behavioral and emotional engagement would predict academic performance. Method Lee (2014) used U.S data of from the PISA 2000. The data used from the PISA 2000 included student performance and information regarding students’ social, economic, cultural and educational factors related to student performance. The sample included 3,268 students from 121 schools. The students were in the 9th and 10th grade, and were mostly females. Although the students were diverse in ethnic background, 62.7% were European American a... ... middle of paper ... ...ral and emotional engagement on reading performance. The implications of this study is that student engagement should become more of a priority for teachers. Although, student engagement is not the only predicator for academic achievement, this study along with other research shows that student engagement is an important factor. Additionally, teachers should receive more training on how to improve student engagement through the implementation of student centered learning, open-ended questions, project learning and more opportunities for student creative expression. Also, student should have more social time with their classmates to help some students build their sense of belonging. This study is relevant to the education field because it provides insight on ways to raise achievement, and creates awareness of the perspective of students on their level of engagement.
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