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The Ebola Virus

explanatory Essay
1216 words
1216 words
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The Ebola Virus is an extremely deadly virus found in Africa. There have been multiple outbreaks across Africa and one in the United States. The Ebola virus basically causes uncontrollable bleeding externally and internally. Then your organs become liquefied. This usually results in death(www.encyclopedia.com). The following report contains info on the characteristics and history of the Ebola Virus.

After being infected with the Ebola virus it takes 2-21 days to take effect. It depends if you had a direct infection, such as a hypodermic needle or a syringe, or a less direct infection, such as close contact(www.lfc.edu/`musilam/bio3.html 3). This is just enough time to get on a plane and spread it to people in another area. This could result in an outbreak in other parts of the world. There have been no known cases of this happening though (www.uct.ac.za/microbiology/sanchez.htm 2).

The Ebola virus has severe and disgusting symptoms. After the time it takes to take effect the Ebola virus starts out by showing symptoms like the flu. You develop a sore throat, fever, weakness, muscle pain, and headaches. As the virus progresses vomiting, diarrhea, rash, and limited kidney and liver function. After about 14 days of infection, bleeding becomes uncontrollable. Blood passes through eyes, lips, nose, ears, and skin. You also experience mental confusion (www.bates.edu/`tnorswor/index.html).

The Ebola virus has effects on your internal body as well. You would also experience internal bleeding. After about five days of infection your internal organs basically liquefy. The Ebola virus destroys the cells in your liver and the lining of all internal organs. At this point you will most likely die of the virus. The people who survive the virus usually had a less direct infection like close contact.

The Ebola virus transmits easily from person to person. Most people get the Ebola virus from close contact. The Ebola virus has cells on the infected person's skin, then if you touch the person and touch an opening on your body, such as your mouth, you can be infected. This frequently occurs to hospital care workers before the patients are diagnosed with Ebola. Also family members who care for the infected person without the aid of a hospital often get Ebola.

Bodily fluids such as blood, vomit, secretions, or semen also transmit Ebola. People who clean this up ma...

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...d the disease from an infected chimpanzee in the forest. She was sent to a Swiss hospital where she recovered. An autopsy of the Chimpanzee showed effects similar to the Ebola virus.

The Ebola virus is a member of a family of RNA viruses know as Filoviruses, because they resemble thread. Filoviruses are among the most mysterious viruses in the world because their natural history remain unknown and their pathogenesis poorly understood. The family consists of Ebola and Marburg viruses. Marburg and Ebola both cause hemorrhagic fevers (www.encyclopedia.com).

Bibliography

An Ebola virus Risk Assessment- www.outbreak.org/cgi~unreg/dynaserve.exe/Ebola/risk.html

Death in 20 days-www.bates.edu/~tnorswor/index.html

Ebola the history-www.lfc.edu/~musilam/bio3.html

Ebola Virus-www.nyu/education/mindsinmotion/Ebola/viro.html

Ebola Virus Headquarters-www.geocities.com/CapeCanaveral/Lab/5738

Reemergence of Ebola Virus in Africa- www.uct.ac.za/microbiology/sanchez.html

Deadly Ebola Virus a fact of life in Gabon- www.cnn.com/WORLD/9704?26/gabon.ebola

The Ebola Virus-www.indep.k12.mo.us/ths/student/evans/evans1.html

Ebola-www.netLibrary.com

Ebola-www.encyclopedia.com

In this essay, the author

  • Explains that the ebola virus is an extremely deadly virus found in africa. it causes uncontrollable bleeding externally and internally and causes organ liquefaction.
  • Explains that the ebola virus takes 2-21 days to take effect after being infected with the virus. this is just enough time to spread it to people in another area.
  • Describes the symptoms of the ebola virus, including sore throat, fever, weakness, muscle pain, headaches, vomiting, diarrhea, rash, and limited kidney and liver function. after 14 days, bleeding becomes uncontrollable.
  • Explains that the ebola virus destroys the cells in the liver and the lining of all internal organs.
  • Explains that the ebola virus transmits easily from person to person. most people get the virus from close contact.
  • Explains that bodily fluids such as blood, vomit, secretions, or semen also transmit ebola. shared hypodermic needles or syringes are a more direct way to get the virus.
  • Explains that the ebola virus is negatively stranded rna type and requires a polymerse transformation to reproduce. there are four known subtypes of the virus.
  • Explains that diagnosing the ebola virus requires a specialized laboratory, which is an extreme bio hazard, and is conducted under maximum containment conditions.
  • Explains that there is no specific treatment or cure for the ebola virus, which has about a 90% death rate. the treatment involves intensive nursing to replace lost body fluids and to prevent shock, renal failure, depletion of blood pressure.
  • Opines that prevention of the ebola virus is more useful than the treatments. improving sanitation is an important thing to do in rural african countries.
  • Explains that the origin of the ebola virus is unknown. several studies have been done but the results are not showing anything.
  • Explains that ebola zaire was the first outbreak of the virus in 1976. there were 550 cases and 340 fatalities.
  • Explains the outbreak of ebola zaire in 1995, which had 293 cases, 233 deaths, and an 80% mortality rate.
  • Explains that the second strain identified was the ebola sudan, which was discovered around the same time as the first outbreak of 1976.
  • Explains that the third strain of ebola reston was named after a city in virginia where the virus was found. it was the only outbreak in the united states and it was not harmful to humans.
  • Describes the ebola tai outbreak in cot d'ivoire, where many chimpanzees died. an autopsy of the chimpanzee showed similar effects.
  • Explains that the ebola virus is a member of the family of rna viruses known as filoviruses, because they resemble thread.
  • Describes the ebola virus risk assessment, death in 20 days, and the history of the virus.
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