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The Early Nineteenth Century

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The Early Nineteenth Centory

The early nineteenth century was an era of tremendous growth and change for the new nation. This is a thesis statement that will be proven true in my essay. And why don't I begin with one of our greatest presidents, Thomas
Jefferson.

On March fourth, 1801, Thomas Jefferson was elected President of the
United States of America. Thomas Jefferson was a Republican. Republicans strongly supported farmers, and they wanted an agrarian nation. An agrarian nation means some changes had to be made in the country. The country needed strong trade with other countries, and they also needed more land to farm on.
This led to the Louisiana Purchase.

The French owned a huge amount of land west of the United States.
Inside all of this land was the mouth of the Mississippi River, New Orleans.
Because the Republicans wanted a farming nation, America needed a port like New
Orleans. Jefferson didn't think that Napoleon would sell all of this land, but he asked him anyway if he was willing to sell. To his surprise Napoleon did want to sell this land because he needed more money for his fight with Great
Britain. So Jefferson bought the Louisiana Territory, and doubled the nation's size. This purchase was a mastermind move by Jefferson that let the farming nation trade using the whole Mississippi.

Another achievement of Thomas Jefferson was the exploration of the
Louisiana Territory. He hired Lewis and Clark to explore the uncharted territory. He told them to search the land for a river passage to the Pacific
Ocean. Jefferson also told them to keep diaries and make maps. This was
Clark's task. In May, 1804, forty-four men set out on the expedition. The travelers tried to be friendly with the Indians on their way. When they reached
North Dakota they hired the French trapper Toussaint Charbonneau, and his wife
Sacajawea to be guides and interpreters. With them they traveled all the way to the Pacific Coast and back. Even though many people were disappointed upon their return that they had not found an all water route, Lewis and Clark were the first to map most of this land we call America. They also aroused an interest in the people to move westward in the growing nation.

Let's go back a little bit to when Napoleon sold the Louisiana Territory to the United States. He needed money to fight in the war he was having with
Great Britain. Since the United States had a small military, it did not want to be involved in the French-British War. America tried to stay neutral while
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