Karl Marx is considered one of the greatest philosopher in history. Conflict Theory The most influential socialist thinker of the 19th century is Karl Marx. Karl Marx is known for studying the conflicts that occur between different classes. Karl Marx has introduced some radical ideas and theories to society through his writings. As the industrial revolution moved forward in society, so did the widening gap between class structures.
When it comes to belief systems, there are many ideas which, if challenged, tend to provoke violent defensive reactions on the part of their believers. “The Communist Manifesto”, written by Karl Marx, has become one of the world’s most influential and significant pieces of political propaganda ever written. Karl Marx wrote this work in the middle of the 19th century, which was a heady time in human history. “The Communist Manifesto”, begins with a theory of world history based on class struggles, and provides an explanation of the abuse of the working class by the bourgeoisie. The evils perpetrated upon the working class, the proletariat are enumerated and the injustice of the capitalist economic system, whereby a few get rich off the labor of many, is outlined.
This was to be behind the motive to help them realize their economic interest. This explained the major causes of the historically sound factors behind the struggles, conflicts and the need for change or revolutionary in the social life systems in the world (Marx et al., par 3). This idea contained ... ... middle of paper ... ...the times did not let the communist revolution succeed, nevertheless ideas were passed to the people and the strategies of fighting back gained momentum. Change in the ways in which wealth were distributed and acquired changed slightly as the people had gained the interest to know much behind the capitalist dominance in the societies (Weeks, 216). The manifesto presented a unified theory on the historical dynamics as people in different classes struggled at their own level to realize a common goal or material interest.
It was this opportunity for interpretation that made Marx's theory of communism doomed for failure when it was used in practice. Marx’s theory stems from the social conditions existing during his lifetime. This was when the industrial revolution was hitting its stride. Great technological advances were being made to the modes of production, especially in the areas of agriculture and textiles. This was the main factor that drove peasants from the countryside to find work in the cities.
Nonetheless Marx, though misunderstood by many, is one of the most influential socialist thinkers from the nineteenth century. Who is Karl Marx? Karl Marx is a name with different reputations. Was he just a troublemaker trying to get thrills out of people by challenging the systems of society or was he a considerate do gooder that strived to seek justice for the good of society. It is not fair to place judgement without digging deeper into the life of... ... middle of paper ... ...y when both these moments subsist in their strength that the state can be regarded as articulated and genuinely organized”(Hegel).
Marx views history as being determined by economics, which for him is the source of class differences. History is describe in The Communist Manifesto as a series of conflicts between oppressing classes and oppressed classes. According to this view of history, massive changes occur in a society when new technological capabilities allow a portion of the oppressed class to destroy the power of the oppressing class. Marx briefly traces the development of this through different periods, mentioning some of the various oppressed and oppressing classes, but points out that in earlier societies there were many differentiations of social classes. Marx sees the modern age as being distinguished from earlier periods by the simplifications of the class conflict, splitting up society into two great hostile groups: the bourgeoisie and the proletariat.
According to Marx, the 'capitalist mode of production' is a product of the 'industrial revolution' and the division of labor coming from it. By virtue of this division,... ... middle of paper ... ... second is the breakdown of the worker in order to have more control. In past capitalism this has been much clearer but it still exists today, workers fear the people they work for, therefor they don't demand the necessities they need to work. They fear the non-worker and don't demand what they need because they have been broken down, dehumanized, and forced to fight their internal feelings as opposed to their outer conditions. The final way that capitalism breeds or causes oppression is through its growth and profit potential.
which are either publically owned or operated to benefit the public (187). Karl Marx’s envision for socialist transformation was, “a society that is changed not through moral suasion, but by understanding the hidden structures and process of material production.” The key to this was the “materialist conception of history” this made the primary determinants of social stability and change, material production and class struggle. Karl Marx may have been the most influential socialist thinker of them all, he referred to his own philosophy as historical materialism, which is thought to be, the evolution of society historically driven by class struggle. According to him, class conflict within capitalism arises because of intensified contradictions between highly productive and socialized production which is performed by the proletariat and the private ownership and the private surplus product/surplus value performed by the small minority of private owners known as the bourgeoisie. When the contradiction becomes apparent to the proletariat, the social unrest... ... middle of paper ... ... within the countries and factions within their respective Communist parties, in the 1980’s and early 1990’s (244).
For example, Locke believed capitalism was the way of the future while Marx believed that capitalism only helped the bourgeoisie while it harmed the proletariat. These men played a huge role in society and influenced the views of some leaders throughout history. Works Cited Locke, John. Second. Treatise of Government.
Marx’s Alienation of Labour There is deep substance and many common themes that arose throughout Marx’s career as a philosopher and political thinker. A common expressed notion throughout his and Fredrick Engels work consists of contempt for the industrial capitalist society that was growing around him during the industrial revolution. Capitalism according to Marx is a “social system with inherent exploitation and injustice”. (Pappenheim, p. 81) It is a social system, which intrinsically hinders all of its participants and specifically debilitates the working class. Though some within the capitalist system may benefit with greater monetary gain and general acquisition of wealth, the structure of the system is bound to alienate all its participants.