The Dust Bowl And The Dirty Thirties

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Jennifer Ho Ms. Parthenakis/A1 Language Arts 11/Sentence Outline March 5, 2014 The Dirty Thirties The Dust Bowl also referred to as the Dirty Thirties; was a time where many people in the United States struggled through a difficult time caused by their own mistake of farming choice. For eight years, simple acts of life such as breathing, eating, and taking a walk were no longer easy to do. The Dust Bowl belongs on the list of the top three, four, or five environmental catastrophes in world history," according to historian Donald Worster of the University of Kansas. At first, things went the settlers' way. During World War I (1914-1918), there was a good amount of rain, and wheat prices were high. But after the war, prices collapsed. Then the Great Depression, which began in 1929, hit the area hard. Farms began to fail, and some people abandoned their land. This is one of the effects of the dust bowl. Stated by Mary Ann Zehr, "The Great Depression was a worldwide economic slump that occurred in the aftermath of the stock market crash of 1929 and ended in the late 1930s or early 1940s, depending on the country." (1) The Dust Bowl took place, covering 100 million acres in Texas, Oklahoma, New Mexico, Colorado and Kansas. Around the 1940's countries got involved with WWII, like the USA. This increased the need for grain. Since there was more need for grain, the price increased in the market. In mid-September 2012 more than 65% of America was in drought but the most horrible drought in history is still in July 1934; around 80% of American was in drought. Having dust in the air as you breathe is also something very hazardous. The more dust, the more people had trouble breathing. Dust would make people choke, and the dilicia particles ... ... middle of paper ... ...t “A normal storm that would arrive, it blocks the sun and makes it hard to see a few feet in front of you. These would come up from the horizon, and got called ‘black rollers’ or ‘dusters’.”(35) To conclude, the droughts ended in the period of 1940. The Dust Bowl was much more complicated than a man-made environmental disaster. It was a huge catastrophe of the world you couldn’t even imagine happening in the present. It is known for the hundreds of storms killing everything in sight, especially children. McArthur points out "Although the rain brought back life to the prairie, the Dust Bowl remains a significance memory for all Americans. It was a learning experience for the Unites States, but a lesson that came with suffering.” (35). We are taking the experience of the Dust Bowl and bringing it into today’s techniques to avoid another environmental catastrophe.

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