Why did the U.S. use the atomic bomb? The years leading up to World War II and the dropping of the atomic bombs were hectic and disordered, from the rise of Hitler in 1933, U.S. isolationism in 1934, to the death of U.S. President Roosevelt. The war showed no signs of ending and the security and freedom of nations around the world were in danger. Order was nowhere to be found, and the decision to even consider using the atomic bomb was unpreventable. The U.S. used the atomic bomb because it was the only way Japan would surrender, the world wanted to end the war as soon as possible with as little casualties as possible, and because of resentful feelings toward Japan.
But Japan had an army of 2 million strong stationed in the home islands guarding against Allied invasion. After the completion of the Manhattan Project, For Truman, the choice whether or not to use the atomic bomb was the most difficult decision of his life. First, an Allied demand for an immediate unconditional surrender was made to the leadership in Japan. Although the demand stated that refusal would result in total destruction, no mention of any new weapons of mass destruction was made. The Japanese military commander Hideki Tojo rejected the request for unconditional s... ... middle of paper ... ...ople and would fight to protect every inch of their homeland until there were no Japanese left.
It didn't save them, it obliterated them in a quick, painful, and inhumane manner. The bombs did not defeat Japan. In conclusion, Japan had already been defeated and avenged. Japan did not want a war with Russia and would have surrendered had the Soviets had the time to declare war, but the United States stopped the Soviet maneuver with a surprise atomic bombing. I agree President Truman wanted to end the war quickly but in my opinion, too quickly.
Another choice the Americans had were to blockade Japan and starve them out. If they did this there could be millions of Japan 's who would die of starvation. Mainly the reason for this is the Emperor and his military would not lose face by giving in. Another choice the Americans had were to just invade Japan. There probably was countless numbers of Japanese civilians killed.
The United States was justified in dropping the atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki for many reasons. First of all, just to start out, the bombings had nothing to do with Japan, it was about the Cold War and the real reason America used these weapons was to show Russia that the US possessed them. Second, the war in the Pacific had been raging for almost four years. The two battles immediately preceding the bomb decision were Iwo Jima and Okinawa, two battles where the Japanese fought to the death and the cost in American casualties was horrific. It was predicted that the invasion of the Japanese mainland at the Island of Kyushu -- scheduled for November of 1945 -- would be even worse.
If that had happened, they could have avoided the attack and saved thousands of lives, and Japan would have surrendered anyways. Obviously, if the bombings weren't necessary to win the war, then bombing Hiroshima and Nagasaki was wrong. War is fought by soldiers and not by killing innocent civilians. Even if the bomb dropped on Hiroshima was to pressure Japan to surrender, there was no need to drop a second one on Nagasaki. The dropping of the atomic bomb on Nagasaki and Hiroshima in 1945 by the Americans is a very controversial issue with no definite answer.
In May of 1945, with Germany’s surrender, the Allied forces achieved victory in Europe. However, World War II was not over, and fighting continued against the Japanese in the Pacific. To finally end the war, United States president at the time, Harry Truman, made the decision to drop the newly invented Atomic Bomb on two navel bases in Japan: Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Although this did lead to the end of the Second World War, President Truman’s decision has faced much controversy in subsequent years, mainly surrounding the morality of his actions. I believe that given the Japanese mindset and the fundamental nature of war, that the dropping of the atomic bomb was justified.
The American government rationalized dropping the bombs by stating that it would terminate the war with Japan and save a plethora of American lives. America did issue an ultimatum declaring that Japan should cease to resist and in return conditions would be provided for Japan to finish the war with honor. This ultimatum was ignored and the alternative was absolute destruction of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. (Dollinger) Most officials believed that taking this last step would force Japan’s surrender and shorten the war which would result in a decrease of American casualties. (Barnes) Winston Churchill approximated that one million American lives were preserved by utilizing the atomic bomb.
The Atomic Bomb Helpful or Harmful There used to be a time in America when the name “Atomic Bomb” seemed fictional to some, non existent to others,and seemed only a dream to those in the science world. That time is long gone.The day that changed all ideas and opinions about what war was and what is has evolved to be was August 6,1945. President Truman had decided to drop the Atomic bomb in order to end the war and save as many lives as possible. The United States had dropped the bomb on Hiroshima in order to end the war almost instantly and avoid bloody invasion, thereby saving both American and Japanese lives. Whether or not to drop the atomic bomb was president Truman’s decision, faced with this decision Truman researched and asked advisors to share their ideas about the bomb and then made the best decision for the American and Japanese people.
President Truman, learned the success of the Manhattan project, and understood that he must make a choice to whether drop the atomic bomb or not; turned out to be the most difficult decision make on his life. They came up with decision to make Japan “unconditional surrender” (59) but they afraid the Japan would not step down and refused to give up their fight. There was a debated on the use of atomic bomb or waited for the Soviet to stepped in the Pacific. Thus the Allied finally commanded the “unconditional surrender” to the leadership in Japan, turned out to what the Allied expected. The Japan emperor rejected the request, but there was a point where the Japan could conditional surrender as